Hi, I started just simmering the bones in water as my Chinese Medicine Dr. suggested. Next time, I’ll try your recipe. Anyway, after skimming off the fat and putting it back in the fridge, the broth solidified into gelatine. I divided it into an ice cube tray and put it in the freezer. Are these okay to use in soups?
Hi Sylvia, great idea to freeze in an ice cube tray! Sure, add to soups.
Hi Elise, I have leftover bones from a holiday rib roast. Since the bones have already been in the oven, do I need to roast them again, with vegetables? Or can I just place all the pre-roasted bones with veggies in the pot and start from there? Or, as someone commented, sauté the bones & veggies right in the stock pot before adding water? Thanks!
Hi Marie, it’s not necessary to roast the bones again, just put them in the pot with the veggies.
So if I understand these directions, I am to discard the vegetables?? (see step 5). I am assuming I leave the stewig meat in?? and remove only the vegetables and the bones…Can someone pleas confirm ?
Hi Karen, remove all of the solids to make it easier to strain the stock.
Do you add the meat back in with the stock to eat though after its drained? Just wondering what the point of the meat is of just throwing out if so?
Hi Davin, the simmering the meat for that long amount of time extracts all of the flavor and the nutrients out of the meat into the stock.
Hi Karen and Davin (below): The vegetables, meat and bones provide flavor for your stock, but after the long simmering time the meat would be stringy and dry and the vegetables limp and flavorless. All should be discarded. The end product here is broth which can then be used to make soup or in other recipes calling for beef stock.
Well my 5kg of bones turned into 7 litres of stock, plus two bowls of soup from all the meat that came off it. I’m not sure if you would consider that condensed enough or not but it seems to have a very strong(and amazing) flavor at that ratio. I got it mason jars in the freezer now, looks basically the same color as the image in this article. After roasting I simmered the bones for 18 hours on the lowest heat setting.
I don’t know what the other posters mean by strange smell/taste. This stuff is incredible. I prepared it almost identical to the directions, except I added more garlic to pot and I used granulated garlic when I roasted the bones. I’m just a big fan of garlic. Roasting time was also closer to 2 hours due to the larger quantity of bones and because they were frozen. They came out nicely browned, not burned at all. :P
I’m in Canada and I order a years worth a meat from a local company called Nutra Farms. With the order they basically offer as much free bones as you want. I decided to get 5kg of bones, didn’t know what to do with them until now. It’s all from grass fed beef as well, so presumably it should be healthier.
Anyway, for those of you having trouble finding bones, try a local farm that sells directly to consumers.
i enjoy making beef ribs in the oven for the wife and I about once a month. I cook them slow and low for a few hours and finish under the broiler. We cut ou meat from the bones and save them on a bone plate before we add any sauces I have with the beef ribs. I then follow a similar recipe and browning process even though the bones have already been cooked, and it still makes an wonderful stock. I add a titch of Worcester sauce and a small bundle of herbs from our garden (thyme, parsley, sage). I haven’t found that it makes a difference in adding vinegar but a small amount of apple cider vinegar can’t hurt, right?
The broth makes excellent French Onion soup and is good just as a sipping drink. So yummy!
I made a lot of beef stock, but it has turned out all cloudy? How can I clear it up ? Or do I start over?
It probably tastes just fine, taste it! If it’s okay, then don’t do anything. You can sometimes clarify stock with egg whites if you don’t like it cloudy. Look up how on Google.
Try separating a few eggs and add the whites lightly beaten to catch the impurities from the stock. Make sure it is at a light simmer, than simply run through a sieve And the hardened whites will take all the floaties with it.
Hi elise, i’ve read your post about making beef stock and chicken stock and im wondering about this little difference in your post about making beef stock and chicken stock. It’s about the salt. In making beef stock you dont put the salt in the stock and ive read you replied someone comment with “You do need to add salt to the stock at some point before or as you use it”. Then why did you add salt in chicken stock?
Btw i thing this is a great recipe from reading the comments and great tutorial too with step by step photos. Thanks for the recipe elise, i will try making my first stock with your recipe tomorrow. ive never tried making any stock.
You say “cut to expose the center marrow”. I’m curious what this means exactly and how one would do it. Do you mean cut the bones through fully? I feel like this would take a saw of some sort and I’d have to ask a butcher to do this. Is this only necessary for certain types like knuckle, or would it also hold true for oxtail?
Hi Brad, I usually just ask the butcher for stock bones which have been cut to expose the marrow. Yes the bones are cut through fully. You don’t need to do this with oxtail because the center is already exposed. Oxtails make excellent bones for making beef stock!
Very good question, Brad. I was wondering the same thing.
Love this post! Inspires me to make more beef stock, because while you can buy decent chicken stock, no one makes a decent beef stock.
One thing that I’ve found though – when I make a stock, I pour the cooled and skimmed broth into gallon ziplocs and then lay them flat in the freezer until they’re frozen. Once they’re frozen, you can slide them in anywhere and they take up very little room, plus then you can note on the outside when you made it, and what kind of broth it is.
Great tip, thank you Keli!
I like healthy fats, so I’m inclined to leave the fat in, has anyone tried not straining it and not skimming the top for fat?
Because I use grass fed beef I leave the fat in and let it rise to top and harden in fridge. I scoop it off and store separately. It’s basically beef tallow, I use it as alternative to butter for frying certain things. It adds more flavor. I freeze my tallow in jars and use as needed.
When I make my beef stock I use short ribs or beef shank which has the marrow. I cook the meat right in the pot on the stove top . I brown the meat in a little olive oil and let it caramelize. I then add carrots, celery, onion , salt and peppercorns and enough water to cover everything by 2 ins. I bring it to just before it’s in a full rolling boil and lower it to simmer. This way only 1 pot is used and the fond from the bottom of the pot during caramelization in there, no need to transfer from roasting pan to pot.
After the both is done I remove the meat and the next day I make a stew of sorts out of it. I cook carrots, celery and onion in olive oil
then add 1/2 can of crushed tomatoes and let it simmer for 20 mins. I add some of the stock from the day before and 2 small peeled and quarter potatoes and cook until the potatoes are tender. I remove the beef from the bones , cube them and add then to the stew . Cook an additional 10 -15 mins and you’ll have a delicious stew – yum.
I’ve been making my own stock since I was a teenager…the only time I use a packaged is when I need maybe a 1/2 C for a recipe and the freezer is bare. It’s worth a weekend to fill the house with wonderful aromas and being able to adjust to your liking what goes in the stock…and there’s Nothing like homemade! I have a bot of beef stock on the stove now which will be turned into veggie beef soup tomorrow…winter is on it’s way and there is no better feeling than coming home on a cold winters night to a bowl of homemade soup and crusty bread!
Hi there, In regards to the congealed fat creating a seal on the top of the cooled soup keeping out bacteria – how long can it stay in the fridge (rather then freezing) and still be safe to eat? Thank you for such a nice website. Love your recipes.
Hi Jamie, about 2 weeks. Note that if you bring the stock to a boil for 10 minutes every 2 weeks and put it in a clean jar and back in the fridge, it will last a lot longer.
Great article, if i want to boil it down to concentrate do i have to wait until after cooling first time or can i just simmer longer in the initial process?
You can simmer it longer in the initial process, but after it is strained. ~Elise
When do you add salt for this? I presume it would be at the end, after draining right before serving?
Yes. This stock by the way, is just stock. Not a seasoned broth. So you wouldn’t serve it straight. It would be the base for a soup with other ingredients and seasonings. ~Elise
Great recipe, Elise, and such clear directions, as always. Thanks!
By the way, Trish in MO, some info on your 2-year-old question: it is quite possible to use a pressure canner to seal up pint and quart jars of beef stock, or beef broth with meat.
In general, you reheat the stock to boiling, fill clean CANNING jars, adjust the lids, place in a pressure canner and seal the lid, bring up to pressure and process specified amount of time (less than 1/2 hour for broth or stock).
If you want to do this, google for directions from only a .gov site (USDA has done research on safe canning for years), or from a pressure canner manufacturer, or from the Ball Blue Book (bible of home canners). There’s some scary advice out on the net, and it is important when preserivng low-acid foods like meats and soups to follow the directions carefully. If you do, there will be no problem.
It is great to have jars of broth or meat in the pantry for quick use.
Great Stock! I followed a few of the suggestions but mainly stuck to the recipe!
1) PRESSURE COOKER! I don’t make stock any other way now!
2) I have always seen my mom rub the bones with tomato paste and always done that so I did it here too.
3) I tried the star anise, but was skeptical, so I only used a small piece – 4 arms. It was perfect… I’ll keep that ingredient but keep it at a small piece.
It turned out to be an AMAZING stock! Way better and WAY less expensive than buying it!
Can someone please explain why roasting ahead of time is important? I’ve always just boiled the raw bones. Does it make a difference from a health point of view?
Roasting the bones creates browning which creates flavor. I don’t think it makes any difference from a health perspective. ~Elise
I can’t thank you enough for sharing this recipe : ) I have Late Stage Lyme Disease, and was going through a rough time last week when my mother an I stumbled across your site…
She made your beef stock over the weekend (following the recipe to a “T” (lol), and it was AMAZINGLY soothing and healing for me.
Any issues with using beef feet for this? I make chicken stock with chicken feet and the gelatin that leeches out is wonderful. The mexican market near me always has beef feet and I’m curious to try.
I’m making this right now! First time I’ve ever made broth – I’m more excited than I probably should be, but oh well. We’re doing German Bacon-dumpling soup tomorrow with some and Pho the next day.
I love this recipe. My husband trapped an enormous snapping turtle and I decided to make my (cajun) grandmother’s recipe for turtle soup. The recipe called for beef stock which I have never made. I browned the turtle bones along with the beef bones. The soup turned out deliciously rich and smooth. This was my first turtle soup to make or eat and it was truly a delicious gourmet meal. Thanks for the specific instructions, pictures and tips from everyone in the comments thread!
Is the beef stock supposed to gel when you place in the fridge? I’ve heard that the stock is supposed to gel but my stock still had a liquid consistency.
It sort of depends on the bones you’ve used and how much you’ve reduced the stock. If you used a lot of veal bones, then you might get some gelling. If not, then probably not. ~Elise
Last time I made chicken stock it was fantastically delicious, and I drank most of it without modifying it in the slightest. From what I’ve seen from your replies to some peoples’ comments, however, is beef broth not like that? If not, how would I make it so? I’m pregnant and so far good soup stock has stayed down nicely and is nutritious, so I’m trying to expand.
That is correct. Homemade chicken stock has a very different taste than beef stock. Much easier to eat straight in my opinion. To make the beef stock more palatable, I would roast lot of onions with the bones, and then purée the cooked onions with the stock. ~Elise
Thank you for this it was so helpful. I just wanted to point out one thing. It always dangerous to let food cool to room tempter if it had meat our dairy in it. You need to cool it as fast as you can. Get it in a shallow pan or casserole pan and put it in your frig, even you freezer. Just get it cold fast. Thank you again.
Yes you need to cool it fast but you NEVER put anything hot in your frig, it will elevate the tempature inside your frig and make things already in there come to an unsafe temp. You can let it cool outside of the frig for up to 2 hours.
I followed this recipe to the letter- and this was awful. Tasted watery and now trying to doctor it up. I was so disappointed as I went to Whole Foods for fresh, organic ingredients, had the bones sliced as in the picture – don’t know what went wrong -but for the money and time this just wasn’t worth it.
It’s stock, not soup. You use it as a base for soups, not on its own. Use it as a base for French onion soup for example. ~Elise
I have tried beef or lamb bone broth a few times but each time it ends up with a bitter burnt taste. I either use bones from a previous roast or fresh bones that I gently roast in oven (and don’t let them burn), put in filtered water with some vinegar, onion, carrot and celery, bring to boil, skim the impurities, then transfer to my crockpot/slow cooker for a day or two. What could I be doing wrong? I’m losing hope that I can do this :-( but I really want to have homemade bone broth.
I’ve never heard of using vinegar when you make stock. Seems to me that the acid in the vinegar could possibly leach out minerals from the bones that would make the stock bitter. ~Elise
So can I put this directly into my slow cooker/crockpot? I always brought it to the boil first and then transferred to the slow cooker. I think maybe bringing it to the boil quickly is not a good idea?
If you are trying to create a clear stock, then it’s best to heat the water slowly. ~Elise
thanks for the post…cant wait to try it out
how long will it keep if stored in the fridge or freezer?
In the fridge if you keep the fat layer on? 2 weeks. Without fat layer, one week. In freezer, several months. ~Elise
We have a spell of weather coming in, so I decided to make the 8-hour version of this overnight. Even though it was gloomy when I woke up, I was giddy about having a giant pot of this amazing stock! Now just have to decide which of the soups or stews to orchestrate…
I am making my first batch of beef stock. This is fabulous! I am doing it in my crockpot, however, I like the idea of the pressure cooker instead. Faster is better with my busy schedule! I know NOTHING about pressure cookers. What size and brand would work for beef stock? When I researched a few it talks about a gadget inside that holds the canning jars. I do not need that, correct?
thanks for your help! I think I will always make my own stock from now on!
Can you tell me how to store and use the beef fat for cooking? Is it the same as bacon fat? I usually store that on the counter, but I usually use it up pretty fast so I am not sure how long or how to store the beef fat!
Hi Rebecca, I so not save beef fat for cooking, but here is a link on cooking with beef tallow that you might find useful. ~Elise
I am going to try this stock right now, just have to go get some meat and veggies since I already have the bones. One thing I wanted to add/ask – when the stock has finished cooking, it will take a while to cool to room temp (longer than 2 hours, the cut-off point for food safety). Alton Brown puts his finished hot stock in an ice chest (I am just going to put it in an ice bath in my sink) to help it cool more rapidly and avoid contamination. Just a thought… anyways, never made stock before, so I am excited to see the results!
Remember that the heat from cooking the stock has killed anything that would be problematic, just seal the jar after you pour the hot stock into it. If you want to use an ice bath, let the jar of stock cool down enough, so that it is warm, not hot, to the touch, before putting it in the ice bath. Otherwise the differences in temperature could cause the glass of the jar to shatter. ~Elise
I’ll second GraceFace on the seullongtang – it’s definitely made from beef bones and boiled until the bones are practically disintegrating. To mask the unique animal scent, you’ll add ginger. It’s not a particularly complex dish in terms of ingredients, but it takes a lot of dedication (skimming and watching for several hours).
There’s a similar dish called gomtang, but it uses more meat and less of the bones (no leg bones like you might in seullongtang). It’s also usually cooked for a lesser amount of time, so no disintegrated bones here. Sometimes you’ll let the bones sit in a bowl of water overnight to drain excess blood before boiling. (I blame these soups for my abysmal failure at making beef stock the first time around; didn’t caramelize the bones at all, so my French Onion Soup wasn’t really all that rich).
Either way, you’ll get a healthy dose of calcium, and you’d be surprised at how delicious it can actually be. They’re rather savory and in some ways hearty (lots of collagen). Even if you don’t order these the next time you’re at a Korean restaurant, keep in mind: Korean markets will often have beef soup bones at MUCH lower prices than supermarkets will (I got a giant bag for only about five bucks, whereas some stores I’ve visited charged eight dollars for a measly handful of bones).
I recently bought an electric smoker and was wondering if you had ever used smoked bones or meat in this recipe?
I am thinking of trying it using oxtail bones and smoking them for a couple of hours the next time I do a briskit then using the bones and some of the leftover meat in your recipe.
I just wonder if the smoke flavor will be too overpowering.
I have had a soup made with a clear broth that had been made from smoked pork bones. It was the most outrageously wonderful soup I have ever eaten. So I would say go for it. ~Elise
I am going to be making this delicious-sounding stock today. I’m wondering if there’s any reason I can’t use the stew beef once the stock has been made. Will it be overcooked? The bones and the stew beef are from grass-fed beef–and thus $$$$–so I’d like to get every bit of use out of the meat that I can. Thanks for the post and the great photos!
Most of the flavor will have cooked out of the meat, but yes, you can easily eat the meat. ~Elise
When you reduce stock, and a recipe calls for a certain amount, do you add water to get it back up to the right concentration?
Yes. You can do that to taste. ~Elise
Thank you Elise! I just put everything in the pot after browning the bones and the veggies.
I accidentally discovered a way to avoid washing the cooking sheet: prior to putting everything on it, I lined the sheet with parchment paper, then laid out the bones and the veggies, and in the end when it was time to put them in the pot I got everything off of the parchment paper with a brush.
A couple of modifications that I picked up on other websites: I added half-a-cup of vinegar for ~7.5 qt of stock and I spread a thin layer of tomato paste on the meaty bones prior to putting them in the oven – they said it would improve the flavor in the end.
Great tips, thanks! ~Elise
My mother makes a wonderful beef stock and uses it to make (beef) Cottage Pie for my young sons! They can never wait to eat it!
I know she scoops the marrow out of the bones and uses it in the stock, but she doesn’t roast first – this sounds like a great idea!
I have a stock on the go right now – thanks for the great pictures!
Elise! Another wonderful recipe. I followed your directions completely. The pictures were extremely helpful. The stock and beef are in the fridge right now, and the dog is loving the bones! I simmered the stock overnight, but the good smells kept waking me up!!! LOL I am going to put the stock in mason jars, as you suggested; but I don’t know if I can wait on making vegetable beef soup! Thank you for this recipe and the excellent instructions.
Just FYI: It’s unsafe to give the cooked bones to your dogs as the cooking renders the bones brittle and the dog can choke on it. My butcher had warned a friend of this but she gave it to the dog anyway and the dog did choke and died.
We use our crockpot to cook stock in overnight. We put the chicken carcass and some skin that didn’t get eaten in the crockpot and put it on hight for the night. It tastes much better than store bought even with this very simple method!
Making stock is such a great way to pinch your food penny until it screams :)
When I make bone broth, I simmer (not boil) the ingredients for several hours, usually overnight, in my 18 qt. electric roaster. Very flavorful, no grit.
Well, I followed this recipe (minus the peppercorns and celery because I forgot to pick them up) and allowed the broth to simmer through the night. I awoke to find a beautiful almost chocolate colored broth – but the smell! When I pulled the bones out of the oven after roasting I couldn’t help but snack a bit on the bits of carrot and onion and the meat smelled fantastic. What happened? Is beef broth supposed to smell a bit funky? I must admit that I do like the saltiness of the store bought stuff. Do I just need to add salt? I know there’s a way to fix this, or it’s just how it’s supposed to smell because I have yet to find a recipe here on your blog that my family didn’t rave over. We absolutely love simplyrecipes and almost daily pass on links to recipes I’ve tried to friends and family. Thanks for any insight.
You do need to add salt to the stock at some point before or as you use it. The stock shouldn’t smell bad, but it isn’t going to smell like soup. ~Elise
If I put this in a mason jar anyway, is there any reason they can’t be canned and stored in the pantry?
. If you have a pressure canner and are familiar with canning meats and low-acid foods, then sure, why not? Personally I am not and wouldn’t risk it. If you don’t do it right there is a potential for botulism. ~Elise
I just did this last weekend – LOVE the beef stock. Had always made chicken but now I have a new fave. It is the only way to go!
I am wondering if the metal of the stew pot makes a difference, i.e. does stainless steel versus aluminum make any differences in taste or the gelatinousness (?) of the stock?
The only issue with cooking with aluminum is when you cook acidic foods like tomatoes or citrus or anything with vinegar in it. The acidity will leach the aluminum and you’ll get an off taste in your food. But, this stock doesn’t have acidic elements, so you should be fine. As for the gelatin, I don’t see how it would make a difference. ~Elise
I really enjoyed your prologue to this recipe. However, I would really suggest that you visit a good Korean restaurant nearby and try what’s called a “seolleong tang”. I guess it is essentially what you tried with the lentils – minus the lentils. It’s a rich and flavorful broth made from boiling soup bones for hours until the broth becomes milky. Only salt, black pepper, and sliced green onions are used to flavor the soup. It’s truly delicious and warms your entire body. Try it sometime. I bet it tastes a little different from your lentil creation :) and you just might enjoy it
Are you sure they use beef bones and not chicken bones? I have boiled chicken bones for hours and the result is cloudy, but when beef bones start falling apart the result is gritty. I don’t recommend it. Maybe they’re boiling the bones for a good long time, but not so long that the bones start to disintegrate. ~Elise
I freeze some in ice cube trays for sauces and rice; but most of it gets frozen in a 12-count muffin tin; pop out and put in ziploc bags. The muffin tins help make nearly perfect 1/2 cup portions, so you don’t have to worry about losing that last little bit going bad.
Great idea, thanks! ~Elise
Great post! I’ve never made beef stock but when I do, I’ll turn here. :) Also wanted to chime in on the storage question… with chicken stock, after reducing it, I always pour some into ice cube trays. Once they freeze, I pop them out and put them all in a ziploc bag, and then I use them sort of like bouillon cubes, whenever something could use extra flavor. One of my favorite uses is to add one or two to water when I make rice.
Great suggestion! ~Elise
I’ve read a lot of articles about making beef stock, and they are pretty much all like yours, except for the wonderful photos. I don’t see so much about making chicken stock. Could one follow this technique with chicken? What changes would you make? Commercial chicken “stock” is not much more than colored salt water, IMHO. Anyway, here I am, at breakfast time, starving, and craving onion soup! Thanks for that. I guess it will be lunch time soon.
Check out How to Make Chicken Stock here on the site. ~Elise
Never freeze glass jars…!
We freeze glass jars all the time. You just need to leave enough head room. ~Elise
We freeze in glass jars too, never a problem. Just need to leave headroom for expansion.
I had questioned once whether you could too when I was freezing pizza sauce so contacted Ball and they confirmed that their jars can be safely used for freezing as long as you leave headroom as you both said.
Looks great. I will only add a small suggestion. For an asian/chinese style stock which is often used in soups, dishes or delicious bowls of noodle soup the only ingredients are beef bones, a small onion and a few star anise. The procedure though is about the same. =) thanks for writing this, I had a long discussion with a friend about the importance of homemade stock and this makes me believe it even more.
This is a great post! Thanks, Elise. I haven’t ventured into making beef stock yet, just chicken stock.
One note about making stock and getting the most out of the “curative powers” of soup stock: add some vinegar to the stock pot. I supposedly softens the bones, and they release more calcium.
Not sure how true this is, but the bones are defintely softer.
Stock is so incredibly nutrient-dense.
There’s only one addition I’d have to this delicious and highly nutritious recipe:
Make sure that the bones are from beef that was raised without the use of artificial hormones or antibiotics, preferably on grass.
Because all animals (including humans) store these toxins in our fat & bones. Making stock leeches all the stuff out of the bones, good (vitamins, minerals, gelatin) and bad (hormones, antibiotics, toxins).
Other than that, this is exactly how I make my stock.
And if you’re really a Food Renegade like me, you’ll save that beef fat you skim off the top and render it for tallow to use in your cooking!
I’m currently making chicken stock with leftover bones as I type! A splash of vinegar helps the minerals leach out more from the bones. Yum!
Of all the “stocks” in cans and boxes available for purchase at the grocery, the worst by far are the beef stocks, so making them at home is all the more valuable (and so delicious).
I have yet to find a boxed beef stock for sale that doesn’t say “beef-flavored” on the label. ~Elise
I called 15-20 local grocery stores and butcher shops in my area (raleigh nc) and couldn’t find any where to to buy beef bones. One butcher said they sold all bones to some company that makes dog treats. Any ideas?
Call the chef at the best restaurant in town and explain the situation, ask where he/she sources his bones for stock. You should be able to order bones from a butcher if they don’t have them readily available. Also, those marrow bones? People buy them to give to their dogs to chew on. I even find them shrink-wrapped in the meat department at the big grocery stores. ~Elise
Well, for one thing, they’re now selling those for $5.50 a pound! Almost the price of steak. It’s a new “business.” The stuff about “get it from your butcher” is history. He probably sells them back for mark up.
Elise, the beef stock you gave me made for the most amazingly delicious french onion soup. So tasty that I literally drank every drop. =)
Yep, it makes a difference doesn’t it? So glad you turned it into a great soup. Can’t buy anything like it. ~Elise
Another method after step 2 is to use a crock pot. It’s worry free and safe.
Oh, Jonathan, my question precisely! What are the steps for getting a more concentrated outcome?
I just made chicken stock, and froze it in freezer containers for future use. A bit too many containers, so I’ll have to revisit that process as well.
Another question I had, Elise, was what containers are best used for storage. I saw you have them in mason jars. Do you go through the same sealing steps as with canning jellies? (I’m clueless to exactly what is done, but I’ve seen my mom do it once or twice) I really think I would prefer the mason jar approach versus the freezer variety.
Thanks! I also appreciate the step by step photos.
Just simmer the stock down as much as you want. As for the containers, most people I know use plastic containers, I only have mason jars and pickle jars. No need to take any of those sealing steps, you’re not canning here, but freezing. Just remember to leave plenty of head room for the liquid to expand as it freezes. ~Elise
I’d probably be inclined to do the “boiling-it-down-to-concentrate-it” step at the end, if only for space saving in addition to having a stronger, richer finished product that could always be stretched with the addition of water, wine, etc.
What’s the rule of thumb on the final boiling down step? Reduce to half to get a double concentrated stock?
I think you can boil it down as much as you want. We usually reduce by half at least. Though I have left stock simmering on “warm”, forgotten about it, and returned to find demi-glace, which is what happens when solidified gelatinous stock starts to caramelize. ~Elise
Bravo – I’m a huge champion of homemade stocks and broth! Thanks for sharing the love.
I always add a heaping spoonful of tomato paste to the roasting bones. It also caramelizes and helps to add flavour and colour to the broth. A dried mushroom or two is also usually in my beef broth pot.
When I strain my broth/stock, I find lining my sieve with cheesecloth is really helpful, too.
Roasting the bones makes such a big difference. I like doing this for all stocks including chicken.
If you have a pressure cooker, try making stock with it. If you don’t have one, buy one to make stock in. It is worth it! I’ll let Heston Blumenthal*** explain the why and hows.
Anyway, at the Fat Duck we’ve just started using a brilliant gadget to make stocks. It’s not exactly cutting-edge – it’s the humble pressure cooker – but it makes stock better and quicker than any other method I know of.
Now, this may seem obvious, but when you smell those wonderful odours while you’re cooking, it’s a sign that you’re losing flavours through those volatile elements that disappear in the air. A pressure cooker, however, keeps the aromas and flavour molecules sealed in the pot. Also, it cooks at a higher temperature than conventional methods – as high as 140C, which is round about the point when those lovely meaty flavours in the stock really begin to develop. In a normal stockpot, by contrast, water evaporates at boiling point, taking flavour with it. A final advantage is that the pressure keeps the liquid inside the cooker much less turbulent, which helps to keep the stock that much clearer even before you clarify it (unlike the traditional method, which renders all sorts of impurities).
So, sweat some chopped onion and star anise (this really brings out the meaty flavours) in a little oil, add the stock bones or meat, along with water (or stock), clamp on the lid of your pressure cooker, and set over the heat. And, after 30 minutes’ cooking and 10 minutes’ cooling down time, you will have the best, truest tasting stock you’ve ever made.
And modern stainless steel pressure cookers are easy and safe to operate.
*** – OK, I know his food can be difficult to prepare and might be derivative but he can cook and he taught himself to cook.
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