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Replacing all-purpose wheat flour with a gluten-free variety is not as simple as you might think. Because no single gluten-free ingredient matches the composition of wheat, you need to combine multiple ingredients—like grains, starches, and sometimes nuts, seeds, and other foods—to mimic wheat flour’s taste and texture in baked goods. While some bakers opt to make their own blends, there are plenty of products on the market that want to do the mixing and measuring for you. The catch? The chosen ingredients vary from one brand to the next—and, as a result, the way they behave in your recipe may vary, as well.
So with blends ranging from a handful of ingredients to a dozen, how do you choose? There are several things to consider when shopping for the right gluten-free blend. What type of baked goods are you making? Is cost the deciding factor? Do you have other dietary restrictions that need to be taken into account?
Because of its ease of use, King Arthur’s Gluten-Free Measure for Measure Flour is our choice to add to a gluten-free pantry.
As overwhelming as the options might seem, with a little guidance, it’s easy to narrow down to your favorites. Here we’ve selected the best gluten-free flour blends to suit all of your baking needs.
Best Overall: King Arthur Gluten-Free Measure for Measure Flour
King Arthur has been a trusted name in baking for generations. With its certified gluten-free measure for measure flour, you can easily convert your favorite recipes to gluten-free versions without any modifications or additional specialty ingredients. Directly swap the amount of all-purpose flour with the same amount of this flour and you’ll be on your way to delicious muffins, cookies, cakes, brownies, pancakes, and other non-yeasted goodies.
Fortified with iron, calcium, and vitamin B, this blend is kosher and verified by the Non-GMO Project. Because of its versatility, accessibility, and great price, this blend is an essential gluten-free pantry staple for bakers. The 3 pounds (48 ounces) of flour comes in a resealable bag so you don't have to worry about storage.
If you’re looking for a quick fix rather than (re)creating one of your own recipes, King Arthur has tons of gluten-free baking mixes to bring you that much closer to homemade doughnuts, scones, bread, pizza, brownies, cookies, cake, muffins, cornbread, and pie crust.
Ingredients: Rice flour, whole grain brown rice flour, whole sorghum flour, tapioca starch, potato starch, cellulose, xanthan gum, vitamin and mineral blend
Best Budget: Krusteaz Gluten-Free All-Purpose Flour
If you’re hoping to test out gluten-free baking without a big investment, Krusteaz lets you jump right in with the best value blend we found. Like the more expensive products, Krusteaz Gluten-Free All-Purpose Flour was designed to replace conventional flour on a cup-for-cup basis. Swap it in to make your favorite baked goods like cookies, pancakes, or cinnamon rolls.
Since 1932, Krusteaz has been a family-owned brand focused on home-baked goodness. Its gluten-free flour is certified by the Gluten-Free Certification Organization and is also free of artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives. Krusteaz also offers baking mixes for easy-to-make gluten-free cinnamon crumb cake, chocolate chip cookies, yellow cake, double chocolate brownies, blueberry muffins, honey cornbread, and buttermilk pancakes.
Note that this flour is sometimes offered as a bulk order of eight 32-ounce resealable bags of flour, which translates to a lower cost per ounce.
Ingredients: Whole grain sorghum flour, brown rice flour (rice flour, stabilized rice bran with germ), whole grain millet flour, rice flour. Contains 2% or less of the following: food starch-modified, whole grain quinoa flour, xanthan gum.
Best 1-to-1 Swap: Cup4Cup Multipurpose Flour: Gluten-Free
Celebrated as the original gluten-free flour, Cup4Cup is the first 1-to-1 substitution for all-purpose and wheat flour in almost any recipe. It was developed by the chefs of Thomas Keller’s lauded restaurants so gluten-free diners could experience one of their celebrated dishes. Thanks to that experiment, we now have a gluten-free solution to make cookies, cakes, cupcakes, quick bread, pie crust, scones, and muffins, all without modifying our favorite recipes.
Cup4Cup Multipurpose Flour is certified gluten-free, made with non-GMO ingredients, and certified kosher by the Orthodox Union. It is important to note that this blend includes milk, so it would not be suitable for those avoiding dairy. If you’re looking to jump-start your baking with prepared mixes, Cup4Cup has options for multigrain bread, chocolate brownies, muffins, pie crust, cornbread, yellow cake, pancakes, and more.
Ingredients: Cornstarch, white rice flour, brown rice flour, rBST-free milk powder, tapioca flour, potato starch, xanthan gum
Best for Bread: King Arthur Gluten-Free All-Purpose Flour
King Arthur Gluten-Free All-Purpose Flour is specifically formulated to make tender sandwich bread, airy pizza crust, and any other gluten-free yeast baked goods. Unlike other blends, this flour does not contain xanthan gum or another thickener, allowing you to adjust for the amount required for your recipe. This is key since xanthan gum mimics gluten’s ability to capture the gas given off by yeast, which, in turn, allows the dough to rise. By adding your own, you can create the structure you need for your specific bread. Also, this blend is made from refined starches, which work particularly well for bread. Whole grains, by contrast, typically have stronger flavors and sometimes challenging textures.
It’s important to note that King Arthur Gluten-Free All-Purpose Flour is not meant to be a 1-to-1 replacement. Instead, it’s ideal for all gluten-free recipes—i.e., recipes that are designed for gluten-free flour, not conventional recipes. Kosher and Non-GMO Project verified, this blend is also fortified with iron, calcium, and vitamin B.
Ingredients: Specialty flour blend (rice flour, tapioca starch), potato starch, whole grain brown rice flour, mineral blend
Related: The Best Bread Machines
Best for Cookies, Cake, and Muffins: Bob's Red Mill Gluten-Free 1-to-1 Baking Flour
Bob’s Red Mill has been around for decades with the mission of bringing people back to basics with delicious whole grains. Its Gluten-Free 1-to-1 Baking Flour allows you to follow your favorite baking recipes without any specialty ingredients or customizations required. This blend is designed for recipes that call for baking powder or baking soda, like brownies, cookies, cupcakes, and muffins.
Carolyn Truett, a former pastry chef and current recipe developer at Caramel and Cashews, has celiac disease and knows her way around gluten-free flours. "Bob's Red Mill 1-to-1 All-Purpose Flour is hands-down my favorite gluten-free flour, and I've tried plenty," she says. "It's easy to find with a superb taste and texture, plus it's affordable...It tastes amazing in cookies, crisps, crumbles, muffins, cakes, and quick breads. I'm thrilled to have a flour blend that tastes like the real deal that I can pick up at multiple stores. It's my go-to in almost everything."
Bob’s Red Mill Gluten-Free 1-to-1 Baking Flour is made in the company's dedicated gluten-free manufacturing facility—and is also kosher and verified by the Non-GMO Project. As far as baking mixes go, Bob’s Red Mill offers many options, like chocolate chip cookies, whole grain bread, pancakes, brownies, pie crust, pizza crust, and muffins.
Ingredients: Sweet white rice flour, whole grain brown rice flour, potato starch, whole grain sorghum flour, tapioca flour, xanthan gum
Related: The Best Measuring Cups
Best Natural Thickener: Pamela's Products Gluten-Free 1:1 All-Purpose Flour
Pamela’s Products has been a top-selling gluten-free brand for more than 30 years. Its Gluten-Free Flour blend has 10 grams of whole grains per serving; is kosher and Non-GMO Project verified; and is free of dairy, soy, nuts, and corn. Plus, with arrowroot, this blend is a great option for those who may be avoiding xanthan gum (the thickener commonly found in gluten-free blends) due to digestive issues or allergic reactions.
Pamela’s Products' Gluten-Free 1:1 All-Purpose Flour will work in most recipes as a replacement for wheat flour but may require subtle tweaking, like adding more liquid. And with Pamela's baking mixes, you can get a head start on making biscuits, pancakes, scones, and chocolate chip cookies.
Ingredients: Brown rice flour, tapioca starch, white rice flour, potato starch, sorghum flour, arrowroot starch, guar gum, sweet rice flour, rice bran
Related: The Best Baking Pans
Best Whole Wheat Substitute : Premium Gold Gluten-Free Flax & Ancient Grain All-Purpose Flour
This Flax & Ancient Grain All-Purpose Flour is a 1-to-1 replacement created by farmers to taste like all-purpose flour but with the wholesome nutrition of whole wheat flour. Unlike other blends that include simple carbohydrates, Premium Gold includes complex carbohydrates by using their five whole grains plus flax seed. These ingredients are higher in fiber and digest slower to keep you fuller longer.
In addition to having 12 grams of whole grains and 1,200 milligrams of omega-3s per serving, this blend is 100 percent natural, kosher, non-GMO, and free of gluten, allergens, preservatives, and additives. To use it, simply replace the flour 1-to-1 in your favorite baking recipes. Premium Gold also offers pancake and waffle mixes for a leg up on those breakfast favorites.
Ingredients: Rice flour, ground flaxseed, quinoa flour, buckwheat flour, amaranth flour, tapioca flour, arrowroot flour, xanthan gum
Best Grain-Free: Bob's Red Mill Paleo Baking Flour
Bob’s Red Mill Paleo Flour takes the guesswork out of grain-free baking. The simple flour blend has just four ingredients and is ideal for pizza, flatbread, and crackers, as well as sweets like cookies, muffins, cakes, pancakes, and brownies. While it can be swapped in 1-to-1 for many recipes, Bob's Red Mill recommends using its recipe database as a starting point and then getting creative with your own twists.
This blend is certified gluten-free, kosher, vegan, and Non-GMO Project verified. For help to mix up some grain-free baked goods, Bob's Red Mill also has grain-free mixes for brownies, cakes, flatbreads, muffins, and pancakes.
Ingredients: Almond flour, arrowroot starch, organic coconut flour, tapioca flour
Related: The Best Pizza Stones
If you’re baking gluten-free and like to keep it simple, you can’t go wrong with King Arthur Gluten-Free Measure for Measure Flour (view at Amazon) for just about all your favorite recipes. When you want to venture into yeasted gluten-free baking, turn to King Arthur Gluten-Free All-Purpose Flour (view at Walmart), which allows you to add the right amount of xanthan gum for the job.
What to Look for When Buying Gluten-Free Flour
One of the most important things to consider, if not the most important, when choosing gluten-free flour is the ingredients. "When searching for an all-purpose gluten-free flour, remember that they are actually a blend of starches, flours, and sometimes xanthan gum," says Truett. "This means that every brand will taste and react differently. Some are perfect for baked goods, while others are best in yeast-raised breads, depending on the ingredients."
The ingredients can vary drastically from flour to flour. Since no single ingredient can replicate wheat, gluten-free flours are usually made from a variety of ingredients. Xanthan gum is a common ingredient in gluten-free flours since it replicates the tackiness of dough and bread. However, some people, including those with certain digestive health conditions, avoid xanthan gum. If this is what you prefer, there are gluten-free flours available, like Pamela's Products. Be sure to read the ingredient lists carefully when choosing your flour.
To keep gluten-free flour the freshest, store it in an airtight container in your pantry. It should keep for one to two months. You can also store it in your refrigerator to extend its life by a few extra months. Some gluten-free flours come in resealable bags to preserve freshness.
Are there grain-free flours that are naturally gluten-free?
Grains like rice and amaranth are commonly used in gluten-free flours. For those looking for a grain-free option, consider almond or tapioca flours. They are both grain-free and gluten-free.
What exactly is gluten?
According to the Celiac Disease Foundation, gluten is a general term for proteins in wheat (and all its varieties) as well as rye, barley, and triticale. In the kitchen, it acts as the glue that helps foods maintain their shape. Anyone diagnosed with celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, or gluten ataxia will need to avoid gluten at all costs. Those with the more common wheat allergy are not allergic to all grains or gluten itself but may find it easier to stick to gluten-free foods to be safe.
Can you use gluten-free flour for a roux or gravy?
You can use gluten-free flour for a roux or gravy, but results may vary depending on the brand or the blend of ingredients. You might need to experiment, as some gluten-free flours can cause a gummy consistency when making a roux or gravy. A gluten-free flour blend made with cornstarch can help thicken your recipes successfully.
Why Trust Simply Recipes?
Kalisa Marie Martin is a classically trained chef and recipe developer who has been gluten-free for more than 15 years. She’s mixed her own blends but enjoys the convenience that these products offer. While King Arthur Gluten-Free Measure for Measure Flour is her go-to, she also loves the results of using Cup4Cup Multipurpose Flour in classic recipes that don’t need to be dairy-free. With so many blends out there, she’s happy to do the research and testing so you don’t have to.
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