Does the Position of Your Oven Rack Matter?

Ask the TeamTips

What's the best position for your oven rack when baking a batch of cookies or roasting a turkey? Does really matter? (Spoiler alert: Yes!) Here's everything you need to know.


READER QUESTION: I am never sure which rack to place things on when I bake in the oven. Is there a general rule to always use the middle rack unless otherwise noted or does it matter what food item I am cooking? How do I decide?

The short answer is Yes! You want your food to be in the center of the oven, which usually means the oven rack should be in the center of the oven.


In most cases having the oven rack in the center will also allow the food to be in the center. This is the case if you’re making a lasagna in a 9×13 pan or a sheet of cookies. You want the rack in the center because if it’s too close to either the bottom or top heating element your dish (or dessert) will cook unevenly and possibly burn on one side or another.

However, if you’re roasting a large ham or turkey, you may need to move the oven rack down a rung to prevent your main course from being too close to the upper heating element and to keep the food — not the rack in the center. This allows for more even cooking. Again, you don’t want your food too close to either the top or the bottom element.


Many stoves have an upper heating element used as broiler. When broiling things like salmon or steak where you’re trying to get a good sear on the outer crust, you need to move have a rack (my oven has 4 racks) closer to the upper heating element.


Convection ovens are a different beast all together. You still want your your oven racks spaced evenly, but when it comes to convection ovens there is a fan in the back of the oven that circulates the hot air and allows the food to bake more quickly, but also more evenly. If you bake two sheets of cookies in a convection oven there is no need to rotate the pans from the top rack to bottom rack like you would need to do in a conventional oven. However, if you’re cooking only one thing, it’s still best to have it on the center rack in the middle of the oven.

In a nutshell, if you keep your oven rack in the middle your food will cook evenly 95 percent of the time. You may need to move it for special dinners or techniques like broiling.

Summer, Senior Editor, lover of cookies, ham, and turkey

P.S. Have a question? Email us: [email protected]

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Summer Miller

Summer Miller is the Senior Editor for Simply Recipes based in Nebraska. Her work has appeared in Bon Appetit, Eating Well, Grit, SAVEUR, and Every Day with Rachael Ray, among others. Her first book is New Prairie Kitchen (Agate Publishing, 2015).

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  1. Amy

    What about a situation (which I often find myself) when you’re roasting both chicken and a sheet pan of veggies? Which should go in the middle and which should go above (or below?) that?

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Ask the Team Summer MillerDoes the Position of Your Oven Rack Matter?