Biscuits and Gravy Casserole

The cornstarch in the biscuit dough reduces the gluten content to help keep the biscuits light and fluffy.

If you have White Lily Flour, use 2 1/2 cups of White Lily flour instead of all-purpose, and omit the cornstarch.

  • Prep time: 25 minutes
  • Cook time: 35 minutes
  • Yield: 12 servings

Ingredients

For the biscuits:

  • 2 1/4 cups (315 g) all-purpose flour (see Recipe Note)
  • 3 tablespoons cornstarch
  • 1 tablespoon baking powder
  • 3/4 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1/2 cup unsalted butter, cold
  • 1 cup buttermilk, cold

For the gravy:

  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1/2 pound sliced mushrooms
  • 1/4 cup chopped yellow onions
  • 1 pound breakfast pork sausage
  • 6 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground sage
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
  • 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 3/4 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 2 1/2 cups milk, preferably whole

For topping:

  • 1 tablespoon unsalted butter, melted

Special equipment:

Method

1 Preheat the oven to 400°F.

2 Make the biscuit dough: Combine the flour, cornstarch, baking powder, and salt in a large bowl. Cut the butter into 1/2-inch chunks and sprinkle it over the dry ingredients. Using a pastry blender, a butter knife, or a fork, cut the butter into the dry ingredients until most of it is the size of peas. Don’t overwork it; you want to leave some of the butter in chunks.

Add the buttermilk and toss the mixture with a spatula until it starts to look shaggy, and most of the buttermilk has been absorbed. It won’t form a dough yet; that’s OK.

Biscuits and gravy casserole recipe cut the butter in Biscuits and Gravy Bake add the buttermilk Biscuits and Gravy Bake bring the dough together

3 Bring the dough together: Turn out the contents of the bowl onto a clean surface dusted with a little flour. Gather the dough together with your hands into a mound, then roll it out until it is about 10-inches wide. Again, don’t worry if the dough is crumbly!

4 Fold the dough to create flaky layers: Use a spatula (like the kind you use to make fried eggs) or bench scraper and flip 1/3 of the dough over from the left to the center. Then flip the other side over that side. You’re basically folding the dough over like a letter.

Rotate the dough 90-degrees and roll it out again to about a 10-inch square. It will start to feel more like a dough and less crumbly at this point, but there will still be some loose chunks. Just press them back into the dough if they fall out, and resist the urge to add more liquid.

Repeat the process of rolling out and folding two more times. By the fourth time, the biscuit dough will hold together and feel like actual dough.

Biscuits and gravy casserole recipe gather the dough Biscuits and Gravy Bake prepare to flip Biscuits and gravy recipe roll it out Biscuits and gravy casserole recipe turn the dough Biscuits and gravy recipe rotate the dough Sausage gravy and biscuits fold the dough again Biscuits and gravy casserole recipe fold it into thirds Biscuits and gravy recipe roll out to a 10-inch square

5 Cut the biscuits: Roll out the dough to a 10-inch square that’s roughly 1/2 inch thick. Using a 2 1/2-inch biscuit cutter, cut out 16 circles. When you press down to cut out the dough, don’t twist the biscuit cutter, which will “seal” the edges of the dough. Instead, just cut straight down, so the biscuit will rise and be as flaky as possible.

Biscuits and gravy recipe cut out the biscuits

5 Bake the bottom layer of biscuits: Set aside 12 of the biscuit rounds. Place the remaining 4 biscuit rounds on the bottom of a 2-quart glass or ceramic casserole dish. Cut up the remaining scraps of dough and jigsaw-puzzle the remaining dough into the bottom of the casserole dish, making sure to cover the bottom in a single layer.

Place on a rimmed baking sheet (for ease of removal from the oven and to catch any drips). Bake in the oven for 15 minutes or until the top of the biscuits start to look dry but not brown at all. (There might be a slight darkening around the edges, but don’t be alarmed if the biscuits still look pale white.)

Sausage gravy and biscuits fill in the scraps in the pan

6 Meanwhile, make the gravy: While the bottom biscuits are baking, make the gravy by placing the oil, mushrooms, and onions in a large sauté pan. Cook on high heat, stirring constantly, until the mushrooms start to soften, and the onions start to look translucent, about 5 minutes. Add the sausage, breaking it up with a wooden spoon or spatula, and cook until the sausage starts to brown, about 5 minutes.

Keep the heat on high, and add the flour, sage, black pepper, nutmeg, and salt to the pan. Stir until the ingredients are absorbed. Pour in the milk, reduce heat to medium, and cook, continuing to stir until the liquid has started to bubble and thicken, about 3 to 7 minutes. You’re now ready to assemble the casserole!

If the first layer of biscuits isn’t done baking, lower the heat on the gravy to a simmer until the biscuits are done. If you still need time to finish the gravy, but the biscuits are done—remove the casserole dish from the oven, and let it sit on the counter or stovetop while you finish the gravy.

Sausage gravy and biscuits add the sausage Breakfast casserole with biscuits add the spices and herbs Biscuits and Gravy Bake add the flour Biscuits and gravy recipe add the milk

7 Assemble and bake the casserole: Once the gravy has thickened and the first layer of biscuits is done baking, pour or spoon the gravy over the biscuit layer in the casserole dish. Place the 12 reserved biscuits over the gravy and brush the top of the biscuits with the melted butter.

Return the dish to the oven and bake until the biscuits are golden brown and the gravy is bubbling and thick, about 18 to 23 minutes.

Biscuits and Gravy Bake add the first layer of gravy Biscuits and gravy recipe cover the biscuits Biscuits and gravy recipe layer the biscuits over the gravy Biscuits and gravy casserole recipe brush the tops of the biscuits with melted butter Biscuits and Gravy Bake bake the casserole

8 Cool and serve: Let cool 10 minutes before serving warm from the casserole dish.