Bread and Butter Pickles

How to make and can sweet sliced cucumber bread and butter pickles, perfect for sandwiches.

Bread and Butter Pickles
Elise Bauer

Boxes filled with cucumbers from the farmers market, scores of mason jars, big pots, lots of activity in the kitchen, fresh homemade pickles. These are some of my memories from summers growing up.

My grandmother (dad's mother) and my parents used to pickle a lot when I was a kid. My dad's favorite was spicy carrot and cauliflower pickles (I'm still waiting for the recipe); my favorite was sweet watermelon rind pickles (can't find watermelons with thick enough rinds to make these anymore).

Bread and Butter Pickles
Elise Bauer

Sweet pickles like these bread and butter pickles (who came up with that name?) never lasted that long around here; we kids gobbled them up.

Bread and butter pickles are easy to make, and if you are planning to make them as refrigerator pickles (storing them in the cold fridge, to be eaten within weeks), you can skip a lot of the canning steps.

This is a basic recipe which we happen to love, cobbled together from various editions of the Joy of Cooking plus some online research.

The ice helps keep the cucumbers crispy, as does cooking them just a short time. You can experiment with the pickling spices, and the pickling vegetables for that matter. We have a jalapeño bread and butter pickle recipe for people who love their pickles spicy.

Do you have a favorite bread and butter pickle recipe? If so, please tell us about it in the comments.

Bread and Butter Pickles

Prep Time 4 hrs 20 mins
Cook Time 15 mins
Total Time 4 hrs 35 mins
Servings 40 servings
Yield 5 Pints

Start with the freshest pickling cucumbers you can find; your pickles are only going to be as good as the produce you start with. The fresher the cucumbers are, the crispier your pickles will be.


  • 2 1/2 pounds pickling cucumbers (fresh from the market)

  • 1/4 cup pickling salt (can use kosher salt as a substitute, regular table salt has additives in it that will turn the pickles dark and muddy the color of the pickle juice)

  • 1 pound white or yellow onions, thinly sliced

  • 1 1/4 cups white distilled vinegar (5% acidity)

  • 1 cup apple cider vinegar (5% acidity)

  • 2 1/4 cups sugar

Pickling spices:

  • 1 tablespoon mustard seeds

  • 1 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes

  • 3/4 teaspoon celery seeds

  • 1 inch cinnamon stick

  • 6 allspice berries plus a pinch of ground allspice

  • 6 whole cloves plus a pinch of ground cloves

  • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric


  1. Rinse and slice the cucumbers:

    Carefully rinse the cucumbers, scrubbing away any dirt that may have stuck to the ribs. Slice off 1/8-inch from the ends and discard. Slice the cucumbers in 1/4-inch thick slices, place in a large bowl.

    Elise Bauer
    Elise Bauer
  2. Salt, chill, and drain the cucumber slices:

    Add the sliced onions and all of the pickling salt. Stir in so that the salt is well distributed among the cucumber slices. Cover with a clean tea towel (thin towel, not terry cloth). Cover with a couple of inches of ice.

    Put in the refrigerator and let chill for 4 hours. Discard ice. Rinse the cucumber and onion slices thoroughly, drain. Rinse and drain again.

    Elise Bauer
    Elise Bauer
  3. Sterilize the jars:

    If you are planning to store your pickles outside of the refrigerator for any length of time, you will need to sterilize your jars before canning, and heat the filled jars in a hot water bath after canning.

    If you are planning to eat the pickles right away and store them the whole time in the refrigerator, you can skip the water bath step. It's still a good idea to sterilize the jars first, you can do that by running them through the dishwasher, or placing them in a 200°F oven for 10 minutes.

    To sterilize the jars for canning, place empty jars on a metal rack in a large, 16-qt canning pot. (Jars must rest on a rack in the pot, not on the bottom of the pot). Fill with warm water and bring to a boil. Reduce heat to warm to keep the jars hot and ready for canning.

    Remove with tongs or jar lifters one by one as you can the cucumbers.

    Sterilize the lids by bringing a pot of water to a boil and pouring water over a bowl containing the lids.

  4. Make pickling syrup:

    In a 4 qt or 6 qt pot, place the vinegar, sugar, and all of the pickling spices. (Do not add salt.) Bring to a boil. Once the sugar has dissolved, add the sliced cucumbers and onions. Bring to a boil again. As soon as the sugar vinegar solution begins boiling again, use a slotted spoon to start packing the hot jars with the cucumbers and onions.

  5. Pack jars, add pickling syrup:

    Pack jars to an inch from the rim with the cucumbers and onions. Then pour hot vinegar sugar syrup over them to a half inch from the rim.

    Wipe the rim clean with a paper towel. Place a sterilized lid on the jar. Secure with a metal screw band.

  6. Process in hot water bath:

    If you are planning to store pickles outside of refrigerator, you will want to process the filled jars in a hot water bath.

    Return filled jars to the same canning pot with its already hot water. Water level needs to be at least one inch above the top of the cans.

    Bring to a boil and let boil hard for 15 minutes, or 20 minutes for altitudes of 1001 to 6,000 feet. Over 6,000 feet, boil for 25 minutes. Remove jars from pot.

    Let cool down to room temperature. Jars should make a popping sound as their lids seal. If a lid doesn't properly seal, do not store the jar outside of the refrigerator.


Jalapeno bread and butter pickles - try this technique with jalapenos instead of cucumbers, delicious!

Homemade Kosher dill pickles from David Lebovitz

Bread and Butter Pickles
Elise Bauer
Nutrition Facts (per serving)
57 Calories
0g Fat
14g Carbs
0g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 40
Amount per serving
Calories 57
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0g 0%
Saturated Fat 0g 0%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 380mg 17%
Total Carbohydrate 14g 5%
Dietary Fiber 0g 1%
Total Sugars 12g
Protein 0g
Vitamin C 1mg 7%
Calcium 10mg 1%
Iron 0mg 1%
Potassium 70mg 1%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate. In cases where multiple ingredient alternatives are given, the first listed is calculated for nutrition. Garnishes and optional ingredients are not included.