Cincinnati Chili

1-PotMake-aheadChili

Authentic Cincinnati Chili is a meaty, rich, and uniquely spiced chili from (you guessed it!) Cincinnati, Ohio. It's served over hot spaghetti with your choice of toppings. Don’t forget the cheese and oyster crackers!

Photography Credit: Alison Conklin

Outside of Cincinnati, Cincinnati-style chili is known as “that weird cinnamon chili on spaghetti.” But around Cincinnati, it’s a way of life.

There are well over 200 joints, called chili parlors, serving the stuff. Its legitimacy as chili is not up for debate. If chili can be green or white, why can’t it have cinnamon and allspice and be served over spaghetti?

People in Cincinnati won’t say this, but to get a better mental grip on Cincinnati Chili, think of it as Middle American Bolognese: a kicked-up meat sauce to serve over pasta with cheese. Sounds great, right? Because it is.

Making Cincinnati Chili will get you out of your comfort zone. Your payoff comes when you tuck into a giant plate of grade-A comfort food.

Cincinnati Chili 5-Way

ORIGINS OF CINCINNATI CHILI

In the early 1900s, Cincinnati saw an influx of Greek and Macedonian immigrants. Brothers Tom and John Kiradjieff opened Empress Chili Parlor in 1922. They took a diner-ized version of a Greek stew seasoned with Mediterranean spices and gave it a familiar handle: chili.

As far as serving it over spaghetti, this is simply a development in the long tradition of offering working-class customers starchy and filling food.

WHAT MAKES IT CINCINNATI-STYLE?

Three things distinguish Cincinnati chili from other kinds:

  1. The Seasonings: Chili powder and cumin are required for almost any chili recipe, but in Cincinnati chili, you’ll find cinnamon, allspice, cloves, and possibly nutmeg, paprika, and/or oregano. Worcestershire sauce is also a standard ingredient. A little unsweetened chocolate or cocoa powder is controversial, but not unheard of.
  2. No Browning, No Sautéing: Any Cincinnati chili recipe that begins with “Heat the olive oil . . . ” is inauthentic on two counts: there’s no sautéing, and there’s no olive oil. This counters everything you’ve ever been taught about building up layers of flavor in a soup or stew. But remember, this is diner food with a caravan of spices. Just dump everything in the pot, stir it as it comes to a boil, and that’s that. This creates a pasty, uniform texture as opposed to distinct crumbles of ground beef. It will not look pretty at first. But stick with us—it works.
  3. The Toppings: Repeat after me: You don’t put beans in Cincinnati chili. You may, however, put beans on top of the chili. Minced raw onion, fluffy piles of finely grated mild cheddar cheese, and oyster crackers are also traditional accompaniments. At a chili parlor, they call these “ways,” as in 2-Way, 3-Way, and so on up to a 5-Way, which has chili, beans, onions, and cheese over spaghetti.

How to Make Cincinnati Chili add the chocolate and vinegar

THE DIFFERENT “WAYS” TO SERVE CINCINNATI CHILI

What makes a 2-way plate of chili different than a 5-way? Here’s the scoop:

  • 2-Way: Chili served over spaghetti.
  • 3-Way: Chili served over spaghetti with finely shredded cheddar cheese.
  • 4-Way: Chili served over spaghetti with diced onions and finely shredded cheddar cheese.
  • 5-Way: Chili served over spaghetti with warmed canned red kidney beans, diced onions, and finely shredded cheddar cheese.

BOWL, PLATE, OR HOT DOG?

When it comes to actually serving the chili, you have a few choices:

  1. On spaghetti: This is the Bolognese concept we touched on earlier, topped with all the “ways” mentioned above.
  2. In a bowl, like regular chili: “That’s obvious!” you may say, and you are right.
  3. On a hot dog: This is called a Coney. Top a beef hot dog in a steamed bun with chili, diced onions, and finely shredded cheddar cheese. Some folks might put a squiggle of yellow mustard on the chili before adding the other stuff. This is not only allowable, but excellent.

What about sides? Other than oyster crackers? No traditional sides. There’s a lot going on with Cincinnati chili. You eat it and you die. Full stop.

See how Cincinnati chili offers many opportunities for personalization? It’s almost like taco night, but without all that tiresome chopping!

Cincinnati-Style Chili

TWO SECRETS TO GETTING DEEP FLAVOR

In much of Ohio, you can get packets of Cincinnati chili seasoning, and most people who make it at home use those. But Cincinnati chili made with good, fresh ingredients blows those packets out of the water.

For the best chili, I deploy a few Cincy-approved tricks:

First, I brown the tomato paste in a dry, heated pot before adding anything else. Okay, this counters what I just told you above about not browning anything, but rules were meant for breaking, right? Skipping this this step is fine, but it makes the tomato paste taste less tinny while also bumping up its savory umami character.

You can use ground beef of any fat content, but my preference is for 80:20. The flavor of the fat cooks into the chili, and then rises to the top as the chili cools overnight and solidifies in the fridge for easy defatting. If you don’t plan on refrigerating the chili overnight before serving it, use lean ground beef.

Ultimately, Cincinnati Chili is so many things at once. It is chili. It is hot dog sauce. It is pasta sauce. It is customizable. It is proletarian. It is divisive. It is American. It will be your new favorite thing, if you let it.

Cinncinnatti Chili

SLOW COOKER CINCINNATI CHILI

This recipe is easily made in the slow cooker. Combine all ingredients (except for the vinegar and chocolate) in the slow cooker. Cook on HIGH for 4 hours, or LOW for 8 hours.

If you leave the lid on or ajar, the chili will be liquidy, more like a soup. I like it saucy and concentrated, so I leave the lid off. This will reduce the yield by a few cups. You could also start cooking with the lid on and then remove it halfway through so the liquid has time to evaporate.

PRESSURE COOKER CINCINNATI CHILI

This recipe can also be made in either an electric pressure cooker (like the Instant Pot) or a stovetop pressure cooker. The cook time is the same for both; just reduce the water in the recipe to 3 cups.

Heat the pressure cooker insert over medium-high heat (either on the stovetop or using the “sauté” function on the pressure cooker) and add the tomato paste.

Cook about a minute or two, scraping the bottom of the pot constantly to keep the paste from getting burned. It’s okay if it gets a little browned—that’s what you want. Add the remaining ingredients (except the vinegar and chocolate). Remember to reduce the water to 3 cups. Stir to break up the meat.

Lock on the lid, bring to high pressure, and cook for 30 minutes. Let the pressure come down naturally. Unlock the lid. Cool to room temperature, then refrigerate overnight. Lift or scrape off any solidified fat; discard. Bring to a boil and then add the vinegar and chocolate.

WANT MORE DINER CLASSICS?

Watch the Video for How to Make Cincinnati Chili!

 

Cincinnati Chili Recipe

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  • Prep time: 10 minutes
  • Cook time: 3 hours, 30 minutes
  • Yield: 8 servings

Making the chili a day in advance allows you to easily discard the fat, plus it lets the spices settle into each other, giving you a rounder flavor. You can, however, certainly eat it right away.

Ingredients

For the chili:

  • 2 pounds ground beef (80:20 is good)
  • 1 (6-ounce) can tomato paste
  • 4 cups water
  • 1 (8-ounce) can tomato sauce
  • 1 large onion, minced (about 3 cups)
  • 6 cloves garlic, minced
  • 3 tablespoons chili powder
  • 1 teaspoon cumin
  • 1 teaspoon cinnamon
  • 3/4 teaspoon ground allspice
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
  • 1/2 teaspoon cayenne
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt
  • 2 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce
  • 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar
  • 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate, optional

Options for serving:

  • Oyster crackers
  • Finely shredded mild cheddar cheese
  • 1 (15.5-ounce) can small red kidney beans, drained and warmed
  • Minced yellow onion
  • Hot cooked spaghetti

Method

1 Cook the tomato paste: Heat a large, heavy-bottomed pot or Dutch oven over medium-high heat. Add the tomato paste to the dry pot and cook, constantly scraping the bottom with a wooden spoon or silicone spatula, until the tomato smells rich and toasty and you start to see browned (not burned) patches in the bottom of the pot. This should take 1 to 3 minutes.

 2 Combine the ingredients in a pot: Remove the pot from heat and add the ground beef and water. Mix them together into a sludge. It will not look pretty, but press on. There's a method to this madness.

Return to medium-high heat and bring to a simmer, stirring all the while, so the sludge breaks up into a mealy paste. Add all the remaining ingredients except the vinegar and chocolate.

Cincinnati-Style Chili break up the beef How to Make Cincinnati Chili simmer the beef and tomatoes Skyline Cincinnati Chili Recipe simmer the beef and tomatoes What is Cincinnati Chili add all the rest of the ingredients

3 Simmer gently, uncovered, for 2 to 3 hours: Stir the chili often. You want the volume to reduce a bit. (To be honest, just one hour of cook time is okay, but for optimal chili-ness, go long.)

4 Cool to room temperature, then refrigerate overnight. Refrigerate in an air-tight covered container. (Note: you can eat the chili immediately if you want to.)

5 De-fat the chili: The next day, lift or scrape off any solidified fat from the top of the chili and discard.

Cincinnati Chili 5-Way chill the chili Cincinnati-Style Chili scrape off the fat

6 Warm and serve: Bring to a rapid simmer, then add the vinegar and chocolate. (The chocolate won’t make it taste sweet—it adds a hint of sophisticated complexity and acts as a foil for all those spices.)

Serve any “way” (see headnotes). The chili will also keep refrigerated for up to a week or frozen for up to a year.

How to Make Cincinnati Chili add the chocolate and vinegar

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Sara Bir

Sara Bir a graduate of The Culinary Institute of America and the author of two cookbooks: The Fruit Forager’s Companion and Tasting Ohio. Past gigs include leading chocolate factory tours, slinging street cart sausages, and writing pop music criticism. Sara skates with her local roller derby team as Carrion the Librarian.

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13 Comments / Reviews

No ImageCincinnati Chili

Did you make it? Rate it!

  1. GmaY

    I grew up in Cincinnati, favoring Gold Star vs Skyline, but never knew how it was made (without the packet!) This chili was great! Brought back the authentic taste of my childhood. Stirring the ground beef into the water to make a sludge was strange, but created the perfect texture. Had our 3-ways tonight… looking forward to chili dogs later in the week!

    xxxxxyyyyy

  2. William V.

    Just the chili recipe itself was great! I added the cider vinegar and cocoa powder at the end (I didn’t have any unsweetened chocolate so I used a substitution of 3 tablespoons of cocoa powder with 1 tablespoon butter). The cocoa was a bit too strong and knocked me over… I might halve that in the future or see if unsweetened chocolate makes a difference.

    I found I preferred the chili best with crackers. I didn’t have any oyster crackers so I used townhouse, and the sweetness of the crackers balanced out the chili very well, and made it quite delicious! I found the recipe overall very enjoyable. In the future I might be apt to try this without any chocolate since the basic part of the recipe was pretty good on its own.

    xxxxxyyyyy

  3. Phyllis V

    Wonderful! I’ll never make any other chili recipe. I have shared with friends who say the same. Thank you.

  4. Ian

    As a Detroiter, it deeply offends me that they call Cincinnati chili dogs “coneys”. They have NOTHING in common with true Michigan coneys. Most people in this state find Cincinnati chili inedible. Cinnamon, clove, and allspice belong in great Lebanese fare, not in chili. Save the chocolate for mojo.

  5. Marta Rivera

    I’ve never had Cincinnati Chili before making this. My kids were certain they were going to hate it. We were all pleasantly surprised. A week later, I visited my kid’s adopted grandparents, one of them an Ohio native. He just so happened to be making Cincinnati chili and served it to use for dinner. It tasted very similar, but this version was our favorite.
    We loved it over spaghetti which was SO weird (yet so delicious) for us as New Yorkers.

    xxxxxyyyyy

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Cinncinnatti ChiliCincinnati Chili