Crab Cakes

Family-FriendlyQuick and EasyCrab Cake

You don’t need to travel to Maryland for delicious, easy-to-make crab cakes. Make them in the comfort of your own home in about 30 minutes. Serve them on a bed of lettuce or a bun, just don’t forget the lemon wedges!

Photography Credit: Sally Vargas

Akin to fish cakes, but made with the sweet meat of crab, crab cakes are associated with Maryland, where blue crabs are abundant in the Chesapeake Bay. Their popularity has spread so you no longer need to go to Maryland’s Eastern Shore to enjoy them.

Traditionally, they are made with crabmeat, cracker crumbs, mayonnaise, and a few spices. Nothing fancy. Everything delicious.

In fact, their simplicity is their charm. They’re old-fashioned and down-home, and each ingredient, though straightforward, plays an important role.

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Crabmeat is almost always sold in cans or containers rather than fresh. The meat is cooked, cleaned, and pasteurized.

Common Kinds of Crab:

  • Jumbo Lump: delicate flavor, white color.
  • Lump: smaller or broken pieces of the jumbo lump meat. Again, white color and delicate flavor.
  • Backfin: commonly used in crab cakes, similar to lump meat, but finer in texture.
  • Claw Meat: pink or brown, fishier tasting, small pieces from the fins and claws.

The best meat for crab cakes is lump or back fin. Lump and back fin meat are more affordable than the jumbo lump meat. When it comes to flavor I prefer it over the claw meat. If you happen to have fresh crabmeat that you cooked yourself from king crab legs, you could also use that.

Although it is less expensive, I do not recommend artificial crabmeat. It is often made from white fish (such as pollock) ground into a paste, plus other things like starch, sugar, egg whites, and crab flavoring. There is a lot less protein and no actual crabmeat in artificial crab.

Maryland Crabcakes wtih greens and lemon wedges on a white plate wtih mayo


The fewer fillers (such as breadcrumbs and crackers) the better when it comes to crab cakes. While saltines are the traditional Maryland binding ingredient, I use homemade sourdough breadcrumbs for their excellent flavor and good binding ability with eggs and mayonnaise.

Note that once you mix the cakes, the filling needs at least thirty minutes in the fridge so the binder can be absorbed and the cakes hold together when you cook them.

Seasonings such as mustard, Worcestershire, lemon juice and zest, and Old Bay Spice are key to making a tasty cake. You should be able to find Old Bay Spice in most supermarkets, but if you can’t, combine a pinch of each of celery salt, paprika, cayenne and black pepper, mustard powder and nutmeg for an Old Bay copy cat.

Old Bay is worth having around to spice up deviled eggs or popcorn, or sprinkle on fish before baking, or use it to make a Bloody Mary to go with your crab cakes!


Since the crabmeat is already cooked, you could make these up to 2 days ahead and refrigerate them before cooking, or cook them, refrigerate for up to two days, and reheat in the oven.

They can also be frozen, cooked or uncooked.

  • To freeze: Place them on a plastic-wrapped lined tray in the freezer, and when they are firm (two to three hours), wrap each one in plastic to avoid freezer burn, and transfer to a heavy-duty plastic bag.
  • To reheat: Preheat the oven to 350ºF. Take the cakes from the freezer straight to a parchment or foil-lined baking sheet. Brush with olive oil and bake from frozen for about 25 minutes, until browned and hot all the way through.

Maryland Crabcakes wtih greens and lemon wedges on a white plate wtih mayo


Crab cakes are good served with a dollop of mayonnaise or tartar sauce, or even cocktail sauce or other spicy mayonnaise. Place them on a bed of salad greens, on a bun, or serve them with the traditional coleslaw side dish. A cold beer or Spicy Bloody Maria wouldn’t be out of order, either!


Crab Cakes Recipe

  • Prep time: 15 minutes
  • Cook time: 15 minutes
  • Yield: 4 Servings, 2 cakes each


  • 1 pound cooked lump or backfin crabmeat
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1/4 cup mayonnaise
  • 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
  • 2 teaspoons Worcestershire sauce
  • 1 lemon, zested and juiced
  • 1/4 teaspoon hot sauce, such as Tabasco
  • 1 teaspoon Old Bay Spice
  • 2 tablespoons finely chopped parsley
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/8 teaspoon pepper
  • 2 cups breadcrumbs
  • 1/4 cup olive oil

To garnish and serve:

  • Parsley leaves or watercress
  • Mayonnaise or tartar sauce
  • Lemon wedges (for serving)


1 Make the crab cakes: In a bowl, lightly break up the crabmeat into 1/2-inch chunks. It will break up a bit more when you mix it with the other ingredients

In a medium bowl, whisk the eggs, mayonnaise, mustard, Worcestershire, 1 tablespoon lemon juice, hot sauce, and Old Bay Spice until blended.

Stir in the parsley, zest from one lemon, salt, and pepper. Add the breadcrumbs and crabmeat and mix to combine. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes or up to 2 days.

Lump crab meat on a white plate. Lump crab meat broken up into smaller pieces on a white plate. A bowl of easy homemade crabcakes with spices, mayo and breadcrumbs in a glass bowl with a spoon. Seasoned lump crab meat in a class bowl.

2 Form the mixture into patties: Line a baking sheet with non-stick foil and brush it generously with oil. Spoon each portion into a 1/2 cup dry measuring cup (or a large scoop) and press to lightly compact the filling. Invert the cup onto the baking sheet, and lightly shape the patty again. Repeat with remaining filling. In the end, you will have 8 crab cakes.

Eight Maryland Crabcakes on a sheetpan lined with aluminum foil

3 Cook the crab cakes: Set a rack 4 inches from the broiler element and preheat the broiler. Brush the tops of the crab cakes with oil. Broil for 5 to 6 minutes, or until golden brown. Remove the pan from the oven and turn the patties over. Brush the tops with more oil. Broil for another 5 to 6 minutes.

4 Serve: To serve crab cakes place them on a bun or over a bed of lettuce with plenty of lemon wedges, hot sauce, and tartar sauce or mayonnaise.

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Sally Vargas

Sally Pasley Vargas is a freelance writer and the author of three cookbooks (Food for Friends, The Tao of Cooking, Ten Speed Press, and The Cranberry Cookbook). She currently writes the column The Confident Cook for The Boston Globe along with seasonal recipes for the Wednesday Food Section.

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6 Comments / Reviews

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Did you make it? Rate it!

  1. Vinnie

    Look up Jeanne Pierre French Chef on You tube making Shrimp /Salmon Cakes without bread Crumbs (can be made with any firm fleshed Seafood and or Crabmeat) using Panko as a crust only ,not a binding agent where Egg Whites fill the Bill A real eye opener !


  2. Tracy

    You killed the crabcakes with breaking up the meat. Jumbo lump is actually the best, then lump, backfin if you must. 1 egg beaten, 1 tsp yellow mustard, 3 tbsp mayo, half sleeve of crushed saltines, 1 tsp old bay, tsp parsley. Mix gently, form into cakes. Broil no flip required or pan fry in 1/4 inch vegetable oil. Broiling is best. Cook until golden 5 minutes or so. Maryland Lady here

  3. Scott

    I practiced this recipe with imitation crab meat to see how well it turned out… It was amazing!! I could tell it was imitation crab meat , but the flavors complimented each other very well. When I used the real crab meat the flavor was spot on. Reminded me of the ones I ate in rhode island when I was younger.


  4. SGadsson

    Bread Cakes is what this recipe is! Ruined my expensive crab meat. Breadcrumbs should be at least half of what you state in recipe.


  5. Marie Griffin

    Sally Vargas, amazing!


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