Eggplant Parmesan is one of those great Italian comfort foods—a layered casserole much like lasagna but with slices of globe eggplant taking the place of pasta.
The two things to keep in mind when cooking eggplant, especially firm globe eggplants, is that not only do eggplants hold onto moisture, they also absorb oil like a sponge. So if you're not careful you can end up with something mushy and oily.
Tips for Making the Best Eggplant Parmesan
In this recipe, to tackle the first challenge we lightly salt the raw eggplant slices and let them sit out for a while. The salt helps draw moisture out of the eggplant.
To deal with the oil absorption issue, instead of frying the breaded eggplant slices, we bake them in the oven, before assembling the casserole to be baked again.
The result? Wonderful! Cheesy, tomato-y Eggplant Parmesan that doesn't weigh you down with too much water or oil.
Note, I've recently updated the recipe to include more sauce (May 12, 2021). The original recipe calls for only one 28-ounce can of tomatoes; I've since doubled the sauce recipe to include two 28-ounce cans of tomatoes.
How to Shop for Eggplant
This is what to look for to ensure the eggplant is fresh.
- Smooth and shiny skin
- No broken skin or bruising
- Some give - it should be springy when squeezed lightly
- Green on the stem end
Make-Ahead Tips for Eggplant Parmesan
There are two ways to make this ahead. The first is to bake it completely the day before, allow it to cool down, refrigerate it tightly covered, and then bake it again before serving until cooked through and bubbly. If you want to make it far in advance, bake the casserole, cool completely, and wrap it in its dish in plastic wrap and then foil. Freeze for up to 3 months. Defrost in the refrigerator. (If you can't manage to have your casserole dish in the freezer for 3 months, use a disposable foil casserole dish to bake the Eggplant Parmesan in.)
The second is to assemble it the day before as described in Steps 1 through 7 (but don't preheat the oven), and don't bake it. Cover tightly and store in the refrigerator. An hour before baking, take it out of the refrigerator, preheat the oven, and bake as directed in Step 8.
Storing the Leftovers
Like many good casseroles, Eggplant Parmesan makes great leftovers. It will keep in the fridge for up to five days. Reheat individual portions in the microwave.
Try These Eggplant Recipes!
- Baba Ganoush (Eggplant Dip)
- Dad's Ratatouille
- Zucchini, Eggplant, Tomato Gratin
- Eggplant Green Curry
First cut the eggplant and salt the eggplant rounds. Then prep the rest of the ingredients while the eggplant rounds are releasing their moisture.
Inspired by a recipe in the New York Times by chef Gabrielle Hamilton, recounting a recipe from her Italian ex-mother-in-law.
2 1/4 pounds eggplant (about 2 large)
1 teaspoon kosher salt
1 tablespoon extra virgin olive oil
2 cloves minced garlic
2 28 ounce cans whole peeled tomatoes (preferably San Marzano) that have been diced, reserving the juices, or crushed tomatoes
1/2 cup finely chopped fresh basil, packed
ground black pepper, or to taste
2 cups breadcrumbs
1 1/4 cups shredded Parmesan cheese, divided
1 cup all-purpose flour
4 large eggs, beaten (more if needed)
1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil, plus more to oil the sheet pans
1 1/2 pounds fresh mozzarella cheese, sliced into 1/4-inch slices
Prepare the eggplant:
Slice the eggplants into 1/4-inch to 1/2-inch thick rounds. Lay the eggplant slices out on a rack over a rimmed sheet pan (or on several layers of paper towels).
Sprinkle both sides of the eggplant rounds lightly with salt. Let the eggplant rounds sit and release moisture for 2 hours.
Make the sauce:
Heat 1 tablespoon olive oil in a 4-quart saucepan on medium heat. Add the minced garlic and gently cook for 1 minute or until fragrant.
Add the tomatoes and their juices, breaking up the tomatoes as you add them to the pot. Increase heat to bring to a simmer, lower heat to maintain a very low simmer for 15 minutes, uncovered. Add salt and pepper to taste. Add the minced basil and remove from heat.
Prepare a dredging station:
Combine 1 1/2 cups of breadcrumbs with 1/4 cup shredded Parmesan cheese, and place in a shallow bowl or rimmed dish.
Set up your station so that you have flour in one shallow bowl, beaten eggs in another bowl, and the breadcrumb cheese mixture in another, in that order.
Preheat the oven:
Place the oven rack in the middle and preheat the oven to 425°F.
Dredge the eggplant rounds:
Spread a tablespoon of olive oil each over the bottom of two rimmed baking sheet pans.
The eggplant rounds should be wet from releasing moisture from salting them. Pat dry the eggplant slices with paper towels.
Working one at a time dredge the eggplant slices first in the flour, then dip in the beaten eggs, and then dredge in the breadcrumb Parmesan cheese mixture.
Place on oiled sheet pan. Drizzle a little oil over the top of each breaded eggplant round.
Bake eggplant rounds:
Place breaded prepared eggplant slices in the oven. Cook for 18 to 20 minutes at 425°F, turning the slices over at the half-way point, until they are nicely browned. Remove from oven, and let cool to touch.
Assemble the casserole:
Spread 1 cup of the tomato sauce over the bottom of a 9x13-inch casserole dish. Place a third of the eggplant rounds in a single layer covering the sauce on the bottom of the pan.
Layer half of the sliced mozzarella on top of the eggplant rounds. Sprinkle 1/3 cup of shredded Parmesan cheese.
Place another third of the eggplant rounds over the cheese. Spread 1 cup of the sauce over the eggplant rounds. Layer the rest of the sliced mozzarella over the sauce. Sprinkle with 1/3 cup of shredded Parm.
Add the remaining eggplant in a single layer on top of the cheese. Top with the remaining sauce and the remaining Parmesan.
Bake uncovered at 350°F for 35 minutes. Remove from oven and let sit for 10 minutes before cutting into to serve.
|Nutrition Facts (per serving)|
|Amount per serving|
|% Daily Value*|
|Total Fat 32g||41%|
|Saturated Fat 14g||68%|
|Total Carbohydrate 53g||19%|
|Dietary Fiber 7g||26%|
|Total Sugars 12g|
|Vitamin C 30mg||148%|
|*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.|