Eggplant Parmesan

A classic for a reason, Italian baked eggplant Parmesan is comfort food at its best. Layer breaded eggplant slices with mozzarella, Parmesan, basil, and tomato sauce, then bake until bubbly.

A slice of eggplant parmesan on a plate with the tray behind it.
Elise Bauer

Eggplant Parmesan is one of those great Italian comfort foods—a layered casserole much like lasagna but with slices of globe eggplant taking the place of pasta.

The two things to keep in mind when cooking eggplant, especially firm globe eggplants, is that not only do eggplants hold onto moisture, they also absorb oil like a sponge. So if you're not careful you can end up with something mushy and oily.

Baked eggplant parmesan in a casserole dish.
Ciara Kehoe

Tips for Making the Best Eggplant Parmesan

In this recipe, to tackle the first challenge we lightly salt the raw eggplant slices and let them sit out for a while. The salt helps draw moisture out of the eggplant.

To deal with the oil absorption issue, instead of frying the breaded eggplant slices, we bake them in the oven, before assembling the casserole to be baked again.

The result? Wonderful! Cheesy, tomato-y Eggplant Parmesan that doesn't weigh you down with too much water or oil.

Note, I've recently updated the recipe to include more sauce (May 12, 2021). The original recipe calls for only one 28-ounce can of tomatoes; I've since doubled the sauce recipe to include two 28-ounce cans of tomatoes.

Slice of eggplant parmesan on a plate
Elise Bauer
1:40

Click Play to See This Savory Eggplant Parmesan Comes Together

How to Shop for Eggplant

Here's what to look for to ensure your eggplant is fresh.

  • Smooth and shiny skin
  • No broken skin, wrinkles, or bruising
  • Some give - it should be springy when squeezed lightly
  • Green on the stem end

Make-Ahead Tips for Eggplant Parmesan

There are two ways to make this ahead.

  • Bake the casserole the day before, cool it, then cover and refrigerate. To serve, bake it again at 350°F until hot in the center and bubbling at the edges. You can also freeze the baked casserole up to 3 months, defrost in the refrigerator, and then bake for serving.
  • Assemble the casserole the day before serving as described in Steps 1 through 7 (skip preheating the oven), but don't bake it. Cover and refrigerate. An hour before baking, take it out of the refrigerator, preheat the oven, and bake as directed in Step 8.

Storing the Leftovers

Like many good casseroles, eggplant Parmesan makes great leftovers. It will keep in the fridge for up to five days. Reheat individual portions in a microwave, air fryer, or toaster oven.

Try These Eggplant Recipes!

From the Editors Of Simply Recipes

Eggplant Parmesan

Prep Time 60 mins
Cook Time 45 mins
Eggplant Prep 2 hrs
Total Time 3 hrs 45 mins
Servings 8 servings

First cut the eggplant and salt the eggplant rounds. Then prep the rest of the ingredients while the eggplant rounds are releasing their moisture.


Inspired by a recipe in the New York Times by chef Gabrielle Hamilton, recounting a recipe from her Italian ex-mother-in-law.

Ingredients

  • 2 1/4 pounds globe eggplant (about 2 large)

  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt

  • 1 tablespoon extra virgin olive oil

  • 2 cloves garlic, minced

  • 2 (28-ounce) cans whole peeled tomatoes (preferably San Marzano) diced, reserving the juices, or crushed tomatoes

  • 1/2 cup finely chopped fresh basil, packed

  • Kosher salt

  • Freshly ground black pepper, to taste

  • 1 1/2 to 2 cups breadcrumbs, divided

  • 1 1/4 cups shredded Parmesan cheese, divided

  • 1 cup all-purpose flour

  • 4 large eggs, beaten (more if needed)

  • 1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil, plus more to oil the sheet pans

  • 1 1/2 pounds fresh mozzarella cheese, sliced into 1/4-inch slices

Method

  1. Prepare the eggplant:

    Slice the eggplants into 1/4 to 1/2-inch thick rounds. Lay the eggplant slices out on a rack over a rimmed sheet pan (or on several layers of paper towels).

    Sprinkle both sides of the eggplant rounds lightly with salt. Let the eggplant rounds sit and release moisture for 2 hours.

    Sprinkling sliced eggplant with salt to make eggplant parmesan.
    Ciara Kehoe
  2. Make the sauce:

    Heat 1 tablespoon olive oil in a 4-quart saucepan on medium heat. Add the minced garlic and gently cook for 1 minute or until fragrant.

    Add the tomatoes and their juices, breaking up the tomatoes as you add them to the pot. Increase heat to bring to a simmer, lower heat to maintain a very low simmer for 15 minutes, uncovered. Add salt and pepper to taste. Add the minced basil and remove from heat.

    Garlic in oil to make an eggplant parmesan recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Tomato sauce in a dutch oven for an eggplant parmesan recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
  3. Preheat the oven:

    Place the oven rack in the middle and preheat the oven to 425°F.

  4. Prepare a dredging station:

    Combine 1 1/2 cups of the breadcrumbs with 1/4 cup of the Parmesan cheese, and place in a shallow bowl or rimmed dish.

    Set up your station so that you have flour in one shallow bowl, beaten eggs in another bowl, and the breadcrumb cheese mixture in another, in that order.

    Breading station with three plates lined up to make an eggplant parmesan recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
  5. Dredge the eggplant rounds:

    Spread a tablespoon of olive oil each over the bottom of two rimmed baking sheet pans.

    The eggplant rounds should be wet from releasing moisture from salting them. Pat dry the eggplant slices with paper towels.

    Working one at a time dredge the eggplant slices first in the flour, then dip in the beaten eggs, and then dredge in the breadcrumb Parmesan cheese mixture. Add more breadcrumbs, if needed.

    Place on oiled sheet pan. Drizzle a little oil over the top of each breaded eggplant round.

    Dipping sliced eggplant in flour to make baked eggplant.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Dipping floured eggplant slices in eggs to make baked eggplant.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Dipping sliced egg plant in breadcrumbs to make baked eggplant parmesan.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Drizzling oil over breaded eggplant to make baked eggplant parmesan.
    Ciara Kehoe
  6. Bake the eggplant rounds:

    Place breaded prepared eggplant slices in the oven. Cook for 18 to 20 minutes at 425°F, turning the slices over at the half-way point, until they are nicely browned. Remove from oven, and let cool to touch.

    Removing baking sheets with egg plant to make a baked eggplant parmesan.
    Ciara Kehoe
  7. Assemble the casserole:

    Spread 1 cup of the tomato sauce over the bottom of a 9 x 13-inch casserole dish. Place a third of the eggplant rounds in a single layer covering the sauce on the bottom of the pan.

    Layer half of the sliced mozzarella on top of the eggplant rounds. Sprinkle with 1/3 cup of the Parmesan cheese.

    Place another third of the eggplant rounds over the cheese. Spread 1 cup of the sauce over the eggplant rounds. Layer the rest of the sliced mozzarella over the sauce. Sprinkle with 1/3 cup of shredded Parm.

    Add the remaining eggplant in a single layer on top of the cheese. Top with the remaining sauce and the remaining Parmesan.

    Adding baked eggplant to a casserole dish to make baked eggplant parmesan.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Topping eggplant with fresh slices of mozzarella to make baked eggplant parmesan.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Adding tomato sauce to a casserole dish to make an eggplant parmesan recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Eggplant parmesan ready for the oven.
    Ciara Kehoe
  8. Bake, rest, and serve:

    Reduce the oven to 350°F and bake, uncovered, for 35 minutes. Remove from the oven and let sit for 10 minutes before cutting into to serve.

    Baked eggplant parmesan in a casserole dish.
    Ciara Kehoe
Nutrition Facts (per serving)
615 Calories
32g Fat
53g Carbs
31g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 8
Amount per serving
Calories 615
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 32g 41%
Saturated Fat 14g 68%
Cholesterol 157mg 52%
Sodium 1087mg 47%
Total Carbohydrate 53g 19%
Dietary Fiber 7g 26%
Total Sugars 12g
Protein 31g
Vitamin C 30mg 148%
Calcium 605mg 47%
Iron 4mg 22%
Potassium 807mg 17%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate. In cases where multiple ingredient alternatives are given, the first listed is calculated for nutrition. Garnishes and optional ingredients are not included.