Have you ever made hot cross buns?
They're an Easter tradition; a soft, slightly sweet, spiced yeast roll speckled with currants and often candied citron.
The buns are marked with a cross on top (hence the name), signifying a crucifix, and are typically served on Good Friday, the Friday before Easter Sunday.
How to Make Hot Cross Buns
What are Hot Cross Buns?
Hot cross buns are a rather old English tradition, dating back to the Saxons who marked buns with a cross in honor of the goddess Eostre, the goddess of light, whose day of celebration eventually became Easter.
Inspired by a nursery rhyme, Garrett McCord and I got together over the course of several weeks to try to come up with the best hot cross buns recipe we could make. Our first attempts were surprisingly bad—dry, hard, and tough.
After several iterations (many eaten, many thrown out), and consultation with chefs, websites, and cookbooks (thank you Elizabeth David, Shirley Corriher, and Bernard Clayton), we finally hit gold with this one.
The Trick to the Best Hot Cross Buns
The trick was actually to reduce the amount of sugar and fat in the dough. I'm used to thinking that adding sugar or fat will make a baked product more moist, but when it comes to yeast doughs, both sugar and fat can have the opposite effect, making the resulting bread tough.
So if you limit the sugar and fat, which we are doing in this recipe, the buns turn out tender and lovely.
What Do Hot Cross Buns Taste Like?
These buns are lightly sweet, and include ground spices, grated orange zest, and currants. They taste warm and spicy with a touch of citrus. The sugar crosses piped on top add another sweet note.
Making the Cross on Top of Hot Cross Buns
You can make the cross on the top of the buns in 3 ways:
- Pipe icing onto the buns after baking. You can use royal icing or an icing of powdered sugar and milk.
- Making a paste of flour and water, or make a short pastry dough with flour and butter, and pipe that across the top of the buns before baking.
- Use a sharp knife to cut a fairly deep cross into the top of the buns before they go into the oven. The buns will bake up a little flatter, but they will have the impression of the cross. No icing or piping needed.
For this recipe, we are piping crosses on the buns after baking with an icing of powdered sugar and milk.
Make-Ahead Hot Cross Buns
These hot cross buns are best eaten fresh and out of the oven. That said, you can form the buns the day before and let them rise in the refrigerator overnight, then bake the next day. Or, you can make the dough through the first rise, refrigerate the dough overnight, and then shape and bake the buns the next day.
These buns do freeze well. Once you've baked the buns, allow them cool completely, but do not pipe the cross on the top. Wrap the buns in plastic and then aluminum foil, then freeze for up to a month. Thaw overnight on the counter. Heat in a warm oven or microwave to take off any chill. Let cool and pipe the crosses on top before serving.
Looking for More Easter Treats?
Hot Cross Buns
If you are short on time and aren't able to bring the eggs to room temperature, let them sit in warm water for a few minutes to take the chill off before using.
You may use any mix of ground spices (such as cinnamon, mace, allspice, cardamom, and cloves) you like, but aim for them to total 2 teaspoons.
For the buns
1/2 cup warm milk, divided
1/4 cup plus 1 teaspoon sugar, divided
1 (1/4-ounce) package active dry yeast (about 2 1/4 teaspoons)
3 1/4 to 3 1/2 cups all-purpose flour, divided
1/2 teaspoon ground cardamon
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon allspice
1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
1/4 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon salt
4 tablespoons unsalted butter, softened
2 large eggs, room temperature
3/4 cup currants (can sub half of the currants with chopped candied citrus peel)
2 teaspoons grated orange zest
For the egg wash
1 large egg
1 tablespoon milk
For the frosting
1 1/2 teaspoons milk
1/2 cup powdered sugar
Proof the yeast:
In a bowl, stir together 1/4 cup of the warmed milk and 1 teaspoon of sugar. Sprinkle the yeast over the milk and let sit for 5 to 10 minutes until foamy.
Whisk the dry ingredients:
In a large bowl or the mixing bowl of an electric mixer, vigorously whisk together 3 cups of the flour (reserving additional flour for later), the spices, salt, and 1/4 cup of sugar.
Make the dough:
Create a well in the flour and add the foamy yeast, softened butter, eggs, and the remaining 1/4 cup milk.
Using a wooden spoon or the paddle attachment of your mixer, mix the ingredients until well incorporated. The mixture should be shaggy and quite sticky.
Add in the currants and orange zest.
Knead the dough, adding more flour as needed:
If you are using a stand mixer, switch to the dough hook attachment and start to knead on low speed. (If not using a mixer, use your hands to knead.)
Slowly sprinkle in additional flour, a tablespoon at a time, kneading to incorporate after each addition, until the flour is still slightly tacky, but is no longer completely sticking to your fingers when you work with it.
Total kneading time should be about 7 minutes in a mixer or 10 minutes by hand.
Let sit 2 hours to double in size (first rise):
Form a ball of dough in the bowl and cover with plastic wrap. Let sit, covered, at room temperature (or in a warm spot) for 2 hours, until the dough has doubled in size.
Form the buns:
Press down on the dough to gently compress it. Roll the ball of dough into a log shape and cut it into two halves. Place one half back in the bowl while you work with the other half. Take the dough half you are working with and cut it into 8 equal pieces.
Take the individual pieces and form them into mounds, placing them 1 1/2 inches apart from each other on a greased baking sheet.
Cover with plastic wrap and then work the remaining dough into 8 equal pieces and place them in mounds on a baking sheet, again cover with plastic wrap.
Let rise again:
Let the dough mounds sit at room temperature (or warm place) to rise again, until the mounds have doubled in volume, about 30 to 40 minutes.
Preheat the oven to 400°F.
Brush with egg wash:
Prepare egg wash by whisking together one egg and a tablespoon of milk.
If you want, you can score the top of the buns with a knife in a cross pattern. You will want to make fairly deep cuts for the pattern to be noticeable after they're done.
Using a pastry brush, brush the egg wash over the dough mounds. The egg wash will give them a shiny appearance when cooked.
Bake and cool:
Place in the middle rack of the 400°F oven and cook for 10 to 12 minutes, until the buns are lightly browned.
Remove from oven and let cool on the pan for a few minutes, then transfer the buns to a wire rack to cool.
Make and pipe frosting in cross pattern on buns:
To paint a cross on the top of the buns, wait until the buns have cooled (or the frosting will run). Whisk together the milk and the powdered sugar. Keep adding powdered sugar until you get a thick consistency.
Place in a plastic sandwich bag. Snip off a small piece from the corner of the bag and use the bag to pipe two lines of frosting across each bun to make a cross.
|Nutrition Facts (per serving)|
|Amount per serving|
|% Daily Value*|
|Total Fat 4g||6%|
|Saturated Fat 2g||11%|
|Total Carbohydrate 33g||12%|
|Dietary Fiber 1g||5%|
|Total Sugars 12g|
|Vitamin C 1mg||4%|
|*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.|