How to Cook Rice on the Stovetop

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Making white rice is easy! Avoid crunchy, mushy, or burned rice with these simple steps. Ready in under 30 minutes.

Photography Credit: Alison Bickel

When it comes to rice, there are two kinds of households: one in which there’s always a pot of hot rice around, and one where rice is around, well, sometimes.

If you are reading this, I’m guessing your household is the latter. And we’re here to help! There no magic when it comes to cooking white rice. Just a few helpful hints.

This recipe gives you the total scoop on how to cook long-grain white rice, that lovely pantry staple. Seriously, all you’d ever want to know is contained in this post, like a rice-making kit wherein you provide the rice and water.

Ready? Let’s cook rice together!

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This is a practical question, not an existential one. According to the UK-based Rice Association, there are possibly 40,000 types of cultivated rice. “White rice” is a generic term.

To make it simple, white rice has had its brown hull removed, exposing the white kernel.

There are three basic categories of white rice:

  • Long-grain: fluffier, with a long kernel, commonly cooked plain to serve as a side dish.
  • Medium-grain: starchy and apt to cling together. Arborio rice, used in risotto, is an example.
  • Short-grain: plump and often sticky; sushi rice is an example

Perfect white rice in a metal pan with a wooden spoon full of cooked white rice.


Rinsing the dry rice before cooking can lead to fluffier cooked rice with more distinct grains. This is because it rinses off some of the excess starch that makes the rice kernels want to stick to each other.

I’ve cooked regular long-grain white rice with and without rinsing it, and I can’t tell too much of a difference. It only takes an extra minute to rinse it, but truth be told, sometimes I am too lazy to exert myself for those extra sixty seconds.

BUT! Pay attention here—if you rinse the rice before cooking it, it’s good to reduce the liquid you’re adding. Long-grain white rice has a classic cooking ratio of one-part dry rice to two parts water. But if you rinse it first, you should decrease the liquid to 1-3/4 cups. This keeps your cooked rice from being too gluey.


Fully cooked white rice, set over low heat or off with the lid on the pot, can hang out on the stove for a good while without losing any quality (in fact, prolonged steaming only makes it better), so it’s smart to get it going before you start prepping other parts of your meal.

Monitor your rice as you go about other cooking tasks, and by the time the rest of your food is ready, your rice will be, too.


For cooking 1 to 2 cups of dry rice, a 2-quart saucepan is just the right size. Too big and the rice may not steam right. Too small and it will boil over and make a sticky mess. And you want a lid that fits well and does not let tons of steam escape.

This lid thing is no small deal. I had issues with rice for years—it burned; it was too hard; it wasn’t fluffy. Turns out the problem was my saucepan! It was from a thrift store, and the lid didn’t match the pot, so it didn’t keep the steam in. Once I got a new saucepan with a tight-fitting lid, my rice woes were over.

Side view of a pot of white rice steaming with the lid on. The pot is on a white linen that is on a white background.


Try not to open the lid a million times as the rice cooks. Once again, it’s a prevention-of-steam-escaping thing. You can take a few peeks, but once you get the hang of it, peeking won’t even be necessary.


Start the rice at a hard boil over medium-high heat with the lid on. When you hear your pot hissing or the lid jittering, immediately turn the heat down to medium-low, or as low as you can get it yet still have the liquid simmering. Why? Rice likes it nice and easy.

Lower heat ensures tender, evenly cooked grains. And it discourages the liquid from boiling over and making a mess.

Every stove is different, and it might take a little fiddling to get to the ideal nice-and-gentle burner heat on yours.


Right after the rice reaches that initial hard boil, lower the heat and set your timer for 10 minutes.

When the timer goes off, lift the lid and check for doneness. Steam holes scattered through the surface of the cooked rice indicate it’s fully cooked. Look for the holes!

Perfect white rice in a metal pan set in a deep tray.


Patience makes rice fluffy. Just like you, it does not like to be rushed!

The difference between okay rice and perfectly cooked rice is letting it sit 10 minutes and passively steam after it’s done simmering. This is something 95% of package instructions neglect to tell you, but it’s really important.

Think of these 10 minutes as part of the cooking time. Now you know the big secret!


  • Watery Rice: There’s too much liquid. Strain out the excess liquid, return the rice to the pot, and let it sit on the lowest heat for 10 minutes with the lid on (if the rice is still hard) or the lid off (if it’s on the mushy side).
  • Mushy Rice: The rice was cooked with too much liquid added or it cooked for too long. Probably both. You can’t un-mush rice. Just pretend it’s supposed to be that way and see if anyone notices.
  • Crunchy or Dry Rice: There was not enough liquid, or it didn’t cook long enough. Did you let it passively steam for 10 minutes after turning off the heat? Oftentimes, that final rest will fix everything. If it’s still too crunchy, add a little more liquid and cook it 10 minutes on low, then steam 5 minutes.
  • Burned Rice: The heat was too high, or there wasn’t enough liquid, or both. Presumably, only the rice on the bottom of the pot is burned. If the remaining rice is edible, remove it without disturbing the burned rice. Then fill the pot with water and let it soak for a while so you can scrub out and discard the burned rice.

Shallow pan of easy white rice with a wooden spoon full of rice.


I don’t add salt to my rice because usually I’m serving it with something saucy, like a curry or stir-fry, and that’s what will season my rice. But if you serve your rice plain you may want to add 1/4 teaspoon of salt for every cup of dry rice.

If white rice is too blah for you, up the flavor with one of these techniques:

  • Toast the rice in a teaspoon of flavorful fat—butter, olive oil, or sesame oil—before adding the liquid.
  • Before cooking, add a few sprigs of fresh thyme, or a dried bay leaf.
  • Use vegetable or chicken stock instead of water.
  • Use coconut milk for half of the amount of liquid.
  • For an Indian flair, add two green cardamom pods and a small cinnamon stick before cooking.


Is rice gluten free?

Yes, it is!

Can dry (uncooked) white rice go bad?

Dry white rice has a long shelf life, but it can get stale, depending on the storage conditions (humidity and heat, for instance, will lessen its shelf life). According to USA Rice Federation, dry white rice can be stored “almost indefinitely”; a survey of disaster preparedness websites gave ranges of 4 to 7 years.

Our take? Smell it. If the rice has a stale smell, pitch it.

What about brown rice? Is cooking that any different?

Brown rice takes longer to cook and requires more liquid. For the full scoop, plus a recipe, look here.

Can I pressure cook rice?

You bet! The process is easy, but a little different. We tell you how here.

How long will leftover cooked rice stay good in the refrigerator?

A week or less. Once again, use your nose—if it smells off, pitch it. To keep the cooked rice grains from turning to hard pellets, keep it in an airtight container.

Can I freeze cooked white rice?

Yes, you can! Make sure your rice is completely cooled before bagging it up in zip-top freezer storage bags. Press out any extra air, label and date it, and freeze it for up to 6 months. It’s best to thaw it overnight in the fridge. Need more details? Read here.

If you’re at a total loss and scared of cooking rice, because you’ve had so many disasters:

It’s okay. It’s just rice. You’re still a good person. Our method below is imminently doable, but if you are really unsure of yourself, you can try this boil-like-it’s-pasta method.


How to Cook Rice on the Stovetop

  • Cook time: 20-25 minutes
  • Yield: 4 servings, or about 4 cups fluffed, cooked rice

This recipe is for regular long-grain white rice. Quick-cooking, parboiled, and converted rice will have different cooking times and may call for different amounts of liquid.

If you don’t want to rinse the rice, increase the amount of liquid to 2 cups.

You can safely double this recipe in the same size saucepan.


  • 1 cup long-grain white rice
  • 1 3/4 cup water
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt, optional


1 Rinse the rice: Put the rice in a wire mesh sieve or strainer and rinse it under cold water for about 30 seconds, or until the water runs clear. Swish it around to get the excess water off.

White rice being rinsed in a colander in the sink

2 Combine the rice and liquid: In a medium saucepan (about 2 quarts), combine the rice and water. Add the salt, if using.

3 Cover and bring to a boil: Put on the lid. Turn the heat to medium-high and bring the rice to a boil. The liquid can quickly boil over and make a big mess, so watch the pot for steam, or listen for the lid making jiggling sounds.

Side view of pot showing how to cook white rice.

4 Turn down the heat and set the timer: Once the rice comes to a boil, set a timer for 10 minutes. Reduce the heat to medium-low, or as low as it can go while still maintaining a very gentle simmer (look for wisps of steam around the lid). It’s okay to take off the lid a few times to check on the progress of the rice but try to keep it to a minimum.

Silver saucepan with a hand grasping the lid handle. Pan sits on gas stove. Pot of perfect white rice on a gas stove with the lid resting on the side of the pot.

6 Turn off the burner and let the rice steam: Turn off the heat. Let the rice sit with the lid on for 10 minutes so it can steam. Even though the pot is not on the heat, this is part of your cooking time. It’s what makes the rice nice and fluffy, like restaurant rice.

Saucepan with lid on and steamy white rice inside. The pot is resting on a white linen on a marble table.

7 Fluff and serve: Use a fork or spoon to fluff the rice before serving it.

Silver saucepan with perfect white rice being fluffed with a fork.

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Sara Bir

Sara Bir a graduate of The Culinary Institute of America and the author of two cookbooks: The Fruit Forager’s Companion and Tasting Ohio. Past gigs include leading chocolate factory tours, slinging street cart sausages, and writing pop music criticism. Sara skates with her local roller derby team as Carrion the Librarian.

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14 Comments / Reviews

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Did you make it? Rate it!

  1. james

    Best stovetop long-grain rice I’ve ever made. I think the tip was to reduce the water if you rinse the rice first.


  2. Jolene

    I have ALWAYS struggled with cooking rice. It always came out either uncooked, burned, or mushy & clumpy. I was okay for a few years when I bought and used a rice cooker, it was my rice life-saver; but I gave it to my sister when she got her new house because she ate rice more often than I did. I’ve attempted rice a few times on the stovetop since then, and every time it has not had a good outcome. I tried out this recipe and I gotta say, my rice came out dang near perfect! This article has GREAT tio and it’s a GEEAT recipe! Thank you so much to the author for sharing it!


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  3. Miriam

    I always make it with 1 garlic clove, 1/4 onion and a stick of celery, all finely chopped. Or substitute celery for chopped bell peppers to add color and flavor.

  4. Caryn Wagner

    I toast my dry rice in a little oil or butter or ghee in the saucepan before I add water. Recently I have been adding boiling water to the rice, and it has made all the difference. The grains are separated, fluffy, and larger than when I added cold water to the rice before bringing to a boil. Best rice I’ve ever made.

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  5. Ursula

    I am in Peru, and white rice is eaten basically daily. Our ratio is 1 rice to 1.25 water. Oil is always added to the pan first. Garlic is fried in the oil, then the rice is added and coated in this oil. Then water and some salt! delicious every time!

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Perfect white rice in a metal pan with a wooden spoon full of cooked white rice.How to Cook Rice on the Stovetop