Irish Soda Bread

Quick and easy, this Irish soda bread recipe is a classic. Our version is made with flour, baking soda, buttermilk, raisins, egg, and a touch of sugar and salt. Don’t let the simplicity fool you — it’s a real keeper and takes less than 45 minutes.

Irish Soda Bread
Elise Bauer

It appears everyone has their favorite Irish soda bread recipe. Some with caraway seeds, some with raisins, some with both, some with neither.

The essential ingredients in a traditional Irish soda bread are flour, baking soda, salt, and buttermilk. The acid in buttermilk reacts with the base of the baking soda to provide the bread's leavening. This leavening from buttermilk and baking soda is what gives the bread its name: "soda bread."

Video: How to Make Irish Soda Bread

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Irish Soda Bread

Why the Cross in the Center?

Why the cross in the center? Scoring the dough will help the heat reach the center of the loaf while baking.

Cross in Irish Soda Bread
Elise Bauer

Ingredients for Irish Soda Bread

This soda bread is a slightly fancied up Americanized version of the Irish classic, with a little butter, sugar, an egg, and some currants or raisins added to the base. You can bake it in a cast iron frying pan (now that's traditional!) or on a regular baking sheet.

You can also make a simpler version without eggs or currants, but with some caraway seeds, or you could turn your soda bread dough into biscuits.

how Irish soda bread is made
Elise Bauer

How Long Does Irish Soda Bread Last?

Soda bread dries out quickly so it really is only good for a day or two. It is best eaten freshly baked and warm or toasted. Keep it wrapped in plastic wrap or foil.

That said, you can make it ahead and freeze it (let it cool to room temperature first). Wrap it tightly first in plastic wrap, then aluminum foil. It will last up to 2 months frozen.

More Irish-Style Breads to Make

How to make Irish soda bread
Elise Bauer

What Is Traditional Irish Soda Bread?

Traditionally, bread in Ireland was made in a skillet because the wheat that grew there was what's called "soft" wheat, which contained less gluten than its counterparts in America. The domestic Irish wheat didn't interact well with yeast and did not rise very well.

Hence, the introduction of baking soda as a leavening agent, which reacts with the buttermilk to form small carbon dioxide bubbles, approximating the chemical reaction of yeast.

What we consider traditional Irish bread came about because of the Native Americans, who used a sort of wood ash as a leavening agent to make bread without yeast. This method of making bread was introduced to Ireland in the 1830s.

Different types of soda bread are popular throughout Ireland, but all of them are pretty simple, everyday breads. They were found in every household to mop up stews or to enjoy with a cup of tea. The Northern Irish divide their dough into 4 triangles, while the Southerners made theirs round with a cross shape on top.

Here in America, we like to put in add-ins like caraway seeds, currants, raisins, or honey. Modern Irish soda breads might contain nuts, orange zest, or even Guinness.

However you enjoy your soda bread, be sure to have it fresh from the oven, a piece torn off, slathered with some good butter.

What to Serve with Irish Soda Bread

From the Editors Of Simply Recipes

Irish Soda Bread

Prep Time 15 mins
Cook Time 40 mins
Total Time 55 mins
Servings 12 servings
Yield 1 loaf

Ingredients

  • 4 to 4 1/2 cups all-purpose flour

  • 1 tablespoon sugar

  • 1 teaspoon salt

  • 1 teaspoon baking soda

  • 4 tablespoons butter

  • 1 cup currants or raisins

  • 1 large egg, lightly beaten

  • 1 3/4 cups buttermilk

Method

  1. Preheat the oven:

    Preheat the oven to 425°F.

  2. Whisk together the dry ingredients:

    In a large mixing bowl, whisk together the 4 cups of flour, sugar, salt, and baking soda.

  3. Work the butter into the flour, add the currants:

    Using your (clean) fingers, work the butter into the flour mixture until it resembles coarse meal. Then add in the currants or raisins.

  4. Make a well, mix in the egg and buttermilk:

    Make a well in the center of the flour mixture. Add the beaten egg and buttermilk to the well and mix in with a wooden spoon until the dough is too stiff to stir.

  5. Lightly knead the dough and form a mound:

    Dust your hands with a little flour. Then, gently knead the dough in the bowl just long enough to form a rough ball. If the dough is too sticky to work with, add in a little more flour. Do not over-knead!

    make the dough for irish soda bread
    Elise Bauer
    irish soda bread dough
    Elise Bauer

    Transfer the dough to a lightly floured surface and shape into into a round loaf. Note that the dough will be a little sticky, and quite shaggy (a little like a shortcake biscuit dough).

    You want to work it just enough so the flour is just moistened and the dough just barely comes together. Shaggy is good. If you over-knead, the bread will end up tough.

    form a shaggy mound of dough for irish soda bread
    Elise Bauer
  6. Score with an X:

    Transfer the dough to a large, lightly greased cast-iron skillet or a baking sheet (It will flatten out a bit in the pan or on the baking sheet.).

    Using a serrated knife, score the top of dough about an inch and a half deep in an "X" shape. The purpose of the scoring is to help heat get into the center of the dough while it cooks.

    bake irish soda bread in a cast iron skillet
    Elise Bauer
  7. Bake until golden:

    Transfer to the oven and bake at 425°F until the bread is golden and the bottom sounds hollow when tapped, about 35 to 45 minutes. (If you use a cast iron pan, it may take a little longer as it takes longer for the pan to heat up than a baking sheet.)

    Check for doneness also by inserting a long, thin skewer into the center. If it comes out clean, it's done.

    Hint 1: If the top is getting too dark while baking, tent the bread with some aluminum foil.

    Hint 2: If you use a cast iron skillet to cook the bread in the oven, be very careful when you take the pan out. It's easy to forget that the handle is extremely hot. Be sure to put a pot holder over it.

  8. Cool 5 to 10 minutes, then slice and serve:

    Remove the pan or sheet from the oven, and let the bread sit in the pan or on the sheet for 5 to 10 minutes. Then, remove to a rack to cool briefly.

    Serve the bread warm, at room temperature, or sliced and toasted. Best when eaten warm and just baked.

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
263 Calories
5g Fat
47g Carbs
7g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 12
Amount per serving
Calories 263
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 5g 6%
Saturated Fat 3g 14%
Cholesterol 27mg 9%
Sodium 387mg 17%
Total Carbohydrate 47g 17%
Dietary Fiber 2g 7%
Total Sugars 11g
Protein 7g
Vitamin C 1mg 5%
Calcium 62mg 5%
Iron 3mg 15%
Potassium 218mg 5%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate. In cases where multiple ingredient alternatives are given, the first listed is calculated for nutrition. Garnishes and optional ingredients are not included.