How to Cook and Eat Steamer Clams

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How to make soft shell steamed clams, otherwise known as steamers, a specialty of New England. These steamed clams are fun to eat and taste delicious.

Photography Credit: Elise Bauer

Steamers or Steamed Clams

Steamers! Add these steamed clams to the list of foods that are fun to eat. I was first introduced to steamers, or steamed soft shell clams when I lived in Boston years ago.

Unlike hard shell clams (known here as quahogs, cherry stones, or little necks, depending on their size), steamers have rather thin, brittle shells, so you have to be gentle with them. The two sides of the shell don’t close all the way.

Instead, protruding from the shell is a long foot, or siphon. It’s what the soft shell clam uses to filter the sea water and eat. While hard shell clams stay close to the surface of the sea floor, steamer clams bury themselves more deeply and extend their long siphons to the seafloor surface.

New England Steamers or steamed clams

Happy As Steamed Clams

When you buy steamer clams, their siphons are mostly tucked away. But as soon as you soak them in (salted) water, the siphons start to come out, and out, and out.

When we made these steamed clams the other day I think we measured one that was a good 4 inches long! (Could it be where the phrase, “happy as a clam” comes from?)

New England Steamers or Steamed Clams

Anyway, soaking the steamers is a great way to freak out kids, though hopefully not so much as to dissuade them from eating steamed clams. Fortunately, my gang loves seafood. I just had to tell them these steamed clams were like mussels, but with convenient handles for dipping into melted butter.

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How to Cook and Eat Steamer Clams

  • Prep time: 10 minutes
  • Cook time: 15 minutes
  • Yield: Serves 4 to 6


  • 3 to 4 pounds of soft shell steamer clams
  • 1/2 cup butter, melted


1 Soak the steamers in sea water or salty water: Ideally, if you have the time, place the steamers in a bucket and cover with several inches of sea water or salty water (a tablespoon of sea salt completely dissolved in every quart of water), and let sit several hours in a cool place (not in direct sunlight), preferably overnight.

After a while, you'll notice that each clam has a foot that will start to extend out of the shell. This is normal. The clams are usually buried in the sand with only the foot extending up to the surface of the water.

The steamer clams will discharge any sand or dirt while they are sitting in the water, so the water may become rather murky. You can change the water if you want.

If you don't have time to let the clams soak for hours, just put several of them at a time in a large bowl, cover with salt water, and gently swirl the water around with your fingers for half a minute.

If the clams release sand or grit, dump out the water and rinse the clams out in the same manner again, until no more sand is released. (They may still release some sand and grit while cooking, but you will dip them in the clam broth before dipping them in butter when you eat them, helping to rinse away any remaining grit.)

2 Steam the clams: When ready to cook, put about an inch of water (you can also use beer or a stout) in the bottom of a tall, large pot. Place a steamer rack at the bottom of the pot. Carefully place the clams on the steamer rack (if you don't have a steamer rack, don't worry about it, just put the clams in the pot with the water).

The clam shells are on the thin side and can easily break, so be gentle as you put the steamers in the pot.

You may notice some of the clams "spitting" water at you as you handle them. This is normal, don't worry about it. If any of the clams seem dead, are stinky, or whose siphons don't retract a bit when you touch them, toss them out.

Cover the pot. Bring the water to a boil. Let the clams cook in the steam from the boiling water for about 5-10 minutes, until the steamer clam shells are wide open, then remove the pot from the heat. Any steamers that didn't open should be discarded. (The pot might foam up and boil over while cooking, so keep an eye on it while cooking.) Let the clams cool for a couple minutes.

3 Place steamer water in bowls for serving: Carefully remove the cooked clams from the pot, placing them in a serving bowl. Do not discard the clam broth left in the pot. Instead pour a bit of the hot broth into bowls for serving. Put the melted butter into small bowls for dipping.

4 Serve with melted butter: Serve the steamers with a bowl for the clams, an empty bowl for the shells, a small bowl with broth for dipping, and a smaller bowl with butter for dipping.

5 Here's how to eat the steamers: To eat, open the shell and remove the cooked clam. Use your fingers to pull off the skin covering the siphon of the clam. Discard with the shells into the shell bowl.

Grip the siphon with your fingers, swirl the clam around in the hot broth (it will help to warm up the clams and to dislodge any remaining grit or sand). Dip the clam into melted butter and eat!

Note, the siphon end of the clam may be a bit tough and rubbery. You can eat it or not. In any case, it makes a great handle for dipping.

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Clam chowder made with steamer clams from Leite's Culinaria

Beer steamed clams with bacon and tomatoes from Steamy Kitchen

What's the difference between hard shelled and soft shelled clams? from The Kitchn

Sake Steamed Clams from Appetite for China

New England Steamers served with hot broth and butter

Elise Bauer

Elise Bauer is the founder of Simply Recipes. Elise launched Simply Recipes in 2003 as a way to keep track of her family's recipes, and along the way grew it into one of the most popular cooking websites in the world. Elise is dedicated to helping home cooks be successful in the kitchen. Elise is a graduate of Stanford University, and lives in Sacramento, California.

More from Elise

55 Comments / Reviews

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Did you make it? Rate it!

  1. Joseph

    I think you have left out a key ingredient CELERY. and sipping a cup of broth , that’s why large steamers have a spigot , if you do not add celery stalks to the water in bottom of pot you are missing out on the best broth ever also save and freeze left over broth use to make fish chowder ,seven mares , thin spaghetti n clams CELERY

  2. Dan Sawyer

    Good info! In Oregon I go for the Gapers.I call them the hamburger of clams.Where they grow, there’s Makame,same think in Niso soup.A seaweed that can reach 7ft.After a day soaking in salt water,slice open,extend your arm and spray with garden hose.What ever stays, I eat.Garlic in almost burning Sesame oil I add clam strips,only for 2 min.Take off heat,add a touch of butter and salt…..

  3. matt

    Love it, Thank you :)

  4. Rosemary

    Are steamers available in the Southern States and are they cooked the same as NE steamers?

  5. LauraM

    Here’s a question: I soaked overnight in fridge in salted water because we couldn’t eat them last night. There are many with the feet all the way out. Some where the foot is out a little and a couple where it really isn’t out at all. Should I toss those? What about the ones were the foot is out a bit?

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New England Steamers or soft shell steamed clamsHow to Cook and Eat Steamer Clams