Perfect Cheesecake

This is a classic New York cheesecake! We have lots of tips and guidance to help you make the best cheesecake EVER.

A cheesecake on a cake stand with a couple slices cut.
Ciara Kehoe

Looking for the perfect cheesecake recipe? It takes a bit of hubris to describe a recipe as "perfect," especially for something like cheesecake, for which everyone has their own personal favorite.

But, this is simply the best, most wonderful cheesecake I have ever had, and have ever made. It is based on a master recipe, from the master of baking herself, Dorie Greenspan.

Video: How to Make the Perfect Cheesecake

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How to Make the Perfect Cheesecake

Homemade New York Cheesecake

This is a classic New York-style cheesecake with a graham cracker crust and high sides. It is rich, dense, and light at the same time, and serves a small army.

But watch out! Just when you think you've made enough for your gathering, so many people will go back for seconds that you may be left without a piece!

How I Adapted Dorie Greenspan's Recipe

My young friend Audrey and I worked together on this cheesecake and have made some slight changes to Dorie's base recipe. We've thickened the graham cracker crust on the bottom and don't let it ride up the sides. We also top the cake with a creamy sour cream topping and serve it with a tangy bright raspberry sauce.

Many thanks to Dorie for graciously allowing us to share her recipe with you!

Side view of a slice of cheesecake topped with raspberry sauce.
Ciara Kehoe

Why Cook Cheesecake in a Water Bath

This recipe has you wrap the cheesecake very well in aluminum foil and then bake it inside a water bath — which simply means setting the wrapped cheesecake in a roasting pan or other large dish and adding a few inches of steaming water into the outer pan.

Why go to all this fuss? Here's why:

  • Humidity: Your oven is a very dry environment, which creates a crust on the outside of whatever is being baked. This is normally a good thing, but with cheesecake, we want the top to stay soft — not form a crust. The water bath adds moisture to the air, creating a humid environment, and preventing the cake from drying out or forming cracks.
  • Even, steady heat: To get that perfectly creamy, velvety cheesecake texture, we want to control the rate of cooking as much as possible. We don't want the eggs and dairy to cook too quickly or too slowly. Submerging the pan in a water bath helps us achieve that goal.

Great Tip! Instead of wrapping your pan in layers of foil, which occasionally tear and cause leaks, try this tip from Simply Recipes reader Quantina: Buy a cheap disposable aluminum pan and mold that around your cheesecake instead.

What if you don't want to use a water bath? Sure, that's fine! However, you risk more cracks in the top of your cheesecake and a somewhat drier texture.

A slice of homemade cheesecake topped with raspberry sauce and on a plate with a fork.
Ciara Kehoe

How to Know When Your Cheesecake is Done Baking

When finished baking, the outer ring of your cheesecake should look slightly puffed and set, but the inner circle should still jiggle just a little bit, like Jell-O after it has set.

  • Underdone cheesecake: Continue baking if the outer ring is still jiggly or if the middle ring gives you more of a wobbly slosh (as if there's still liquid beneath the surface) than a jiggle. Continue to bake and check the cheesecake every five minutes or so.
  • Over-baked cheesecake: If the center starts to look puffed or if you start to notice cracks, immediately move on to the next step of cooling the cheesecake. Some golden spots or small cracks won't affect the flavor of your cheesecake.

What To Do If Your Cheesecake Cracks

Cracks that show up as soon as the cheesecake is done are a sign that your cheesecake is a bit over-baked or that you skipped the water bath. Cracks that show up after cooling are a sign that your cheesecake cooled a little too quickly.

But cracks aren't a sign of failure, nor do they mean that your cheesecake won't taste good. They're mostly cosmetic. Covering the surface of the cheesecake with sour cream or another topping will do a fine job of hiding them.

A plate with a slice of New York cheesecake topped with raspberry sauce and a forkful of cheesecake set on the plate.
Ciara Kehoe

Serve Your Cheesecake Chilled or at Room Temperature

Cheesecake is meant to be served chilled or at room temperature, primarily because it's only after chilling and fully setting that it gains its velvety, silky texture.

If you cut into a cheesecake while it's still warm from the oven, the texture will be very firm and somewhat custard-like, and you'll despair that you've done something wrong. Really, it just needs time to chill!

Serve your cheesecake straight from the fridge, or let it come to room temperature before serving. If you prefer your cheesecake warm, then I suggest either serving it with a warm sauce or warming individual slices in the microwave.

How Long Does Cheesecake Last?

You can prepare the cheesecake up to three days before you plan to serve it. Keep it in the springform mold, covered, and refrigerated until serving time. Wait to add the sour cream or any other topping until serving.

Leftovers will keep in the fridge for about five days.

You can also freeze cheesecake for up to a month for the best flavor.

Overhead view of two plates with raspberry topped New York cheesecake with raspberries set around the plates.
Ciara Kehoe

Ways to Top Your Cheesecake

Try a drizzle of warm chocolate or caramel sauce over your slice of cheesecake. Or go fruity — cook down a few cups of frozen berries with a few tablespoons of sugar until it makes a jammy sauce.

Alternatives to Foil for a Water Bath

Instead of wrapping your pan in layers of foil, which may tear and cause leaks, try one of these ideas.

  • Buy a pre-formed silicone wrap for your cheescake, like this one.
  • Use slow cooker or roasting bags. Here are some tips on How to Make Cheesecake with a Water Bath.
  • Simply Recipes reader Quantina shared this: "Buy a cheap disposable aluminum pan and mold that around your cheesecake instead.” 
  • Set a pan of water under the pan instead of putting the pan in a water bath, like we do in this Lemon Cheesecake recipe.

Flavor Up Your Cheesecake!

Although it may be tempting to throw in a bunch of fillings, don't go overboard, since they may make the cheesecake overflow or not set.

  • Throw in some raspberries, blueberries or other fresh fruit, but keep them to less than 1 cup. Any more will make the filling too watery. Leave strawberries for toppers and not in the cheesecake, since they are too watery.
  • Use chocolate wafer cookies or gingersnaps instead of graham crackers in the crust.
  • Add grated citrus zest, like lime, lemon, or orange.
  • Want a chocolate cheesecake? Here's our delicious chocolate cheesecake recipe!

Water Bath Leak? No Problem!

Don't despair! There are ways to fix it.

More Favorite Cheesecake Recipes

From the Editors Of Simply Recipes

Perfect Cheesecake

Prep Time 20 mins
Cook Time 2 hrs 40 mins
Chilling 4 hrs
Total Time 7 hrs
Servings 16 servings

You'll need a 9 x 2-3/4-inch round springform pan for this recipe.


If you don’t want to mess with foil that may tear in the water bath, try using oven or slow cooker bags to protect the pan.


Recipe adapted from Dorie Greenspan's Baking: From My Home to Yours. Published with permission from author.

Ingredients

For the crust:

  • 1 3/4 cups (230g) Graham cracker crumbs (from about 15 Graham crackers)

  • 2 tablespoons sugar

  • Pinch salt

  • 4 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon (60gunsalted butter (if using salted butter, omit the pinch of salt), melted

For the filling:

  • 2 pounds (900g) cream cheese, at room temperature

  • 1 1/3 cups (270g) sugar

  • Pinch salt

  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract

  • 4 large eggs

  • 2/3 cup (160ml) sour cream

  • 2/3 cup (160ml) heavy cream

For the sour cream topping:

  • 2 cups (475ml) sour cream

  • 1/3 cup (35g) powdered sugar

  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

For the raspberry sauce:

  • 12 ounces (340g) fresh raspberries

  • 1/2 cup (100g) sugar

  • 1/2 cup (120ml) water

Method

Prepare the crust

  1. Preheat the oven to 350°F:

    Preheat oven to 350°F (175°C), with rack in lower third of oven.

  2. Process graham crackers; mix with sugar, salt, butter:

    Pulse the graham crackers in a food processor or blender until finely ground. Put in a large bowl, and stir in the sugar and salt. Stir in the melted butter.

  3. Press the graham cracker crumbs into the bottom of the springform pan

    Use a 9” x 2-3/4” round springform pan. Gently press down on the crumbs using your fingers, until the crumbs are a nice even layer at the bottom of the pan, with maybe just a slight rise along the inside edges of the pan.

    A hand pressing the graham crust into a springform pan to make a cheesecake recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
  4. Bake the crust:

    Place the pan on a baking sheet and bake at 350°F (175°C) for 10 minutes. Remove from the oven and let cool.

    Lower the oven temperature to 325°F (160°C).

    While the crust is cooling, you can skip ahead and start on the filling. Wait until the crust has cooled to wrap the pan in foil in the next step.

  5. Triple wrap pan in heavy duty foil:

    Prepare the springform pan, so no water leaks into it while cooking. Place a large 18-inch by 18-inch square of heavy duty aluminum foil on a flat surface.

    Place the springform pan in the middle of the foil. Gently fold up the sides of the foil around the pan. Make sure to do this gently, so you don't create any holes in the foil.

    If there are any holes, water will get into the pan and ruin the crust.

    Press the foil around the edges of the pan. Place a second large square of foil underneath the pan, and repeat, gently folding up the sides of the foil around the pan and pressing the foil against the pan.

    To be triply safe, repeat with a third layer of heavy duty foil. Gently crimp the top of the foil sheets around the top edge of the pan.

    Wrapping the springform pan in foil to make an easy cheesecake recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Wrapping the springform pan in foil to make an easy cheesecake recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe

Make the cheesecake

  1. Beat cream cheese, then add sugar and beat:

    Cut the cream cheese into chunks and place in the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with the paddle attachment. Mix on medium speed for 4 minutes until smooth, soft and creamy. Add the sugar and beat for 4 minutes more.

    A stand mixer with the filling to show how to make cheesecake.
    Ciara Kehoe
  2. Add salt, vanilla, then eggs, then sour cream:

    Add the salt and vanilla, mixing just until incorporated. Add the eggs, one at a time, mixing on low speed for 30 seconds after each addition. Add the sour cream and mix on medium speed until incorporated.  

  3. Add the heavy cream:

    Add the heavy cream and mix on low speed until incorporated. Remember to scrape down the sides of the bowl, and scrape up any thicker bits of cream cheese that have stuck to the bottom of the mixer that paddle attachment has failed to incorporate.

    Showing how to make cheesecake filling in a stand mixer.
    Ciara Kehoe
  4. Prepare the pan and boiling water:

    Place the foil-wrapped springform pan in a large, high-sided roasting pan. Prepare 2 quarts of boiling water.

  5. Pour filling into the pan:

    Pour the cream cheese filling into the springform pan, over the graham cracker bottom layer. Smooth the top with a rubber spatula.

    A New York cheesecake recipe in a pan and ready to be baked.
    Ciara Kehoe
  6. Place in the oven:

    Place the roasting pan with the springform pan in it into the oven on the lower rack.

    Cheesecake in a pan in the oven.
    Ciara Kehoe
  7. Carefully pour the hot water into the roasting pan:

    Without touching the hot oven, carefully pour the hot water into the roasting pan to create a water bath for the cheesecake, pouring until the water reaches halfway up the side of the springform pan, about 1 1/4 inches. (Alternatively, you can add the water before putting the pan in the oven, whichever is easier for you.)

    Filing the pan with water to make the best cheesecake recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
  8. Bake in preheated oven:

    Bake at 325°F (160°C) for 1 1/2 hours.

  9. Turn off the oven and let the cake cool inside:

    Turn the oven off and crack open the oven door 1 inch. Let the cheesecake cool in the oven, as the oven cools for another hour. This gentle cooling will help prevent the cheesecake surface from cracking.

    Cracking the oven door to let the cheesecake cool for the best cheesecake recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
  10. Chill the cheesecake in the fridge:

    Carefully cover the top of the cheesecake with foil, so it doesn't actually touch the cheesecake. Chill in the refrigerator for a minimum of 4 hours, or overnight.

Finish and Serve the Cheesecake

  1. Prepare the sour cream topping:

    Place sour cream in a medium sized bowl. Add the powdered sugar and vanilla, and stir until smooth. Chill until you are ready to serve the cake.

    Note: This recipe produces enough sour cream topping for a thick topping and some extra to spoon over individual pieces of cheesecake, if desired. If you would like a thinner layer of topping and no extra for serving, reduce the sour cream topping ingredients in half.

  2. Prepare the raspberry sauce:

    Place raspberries, sugar, and water in a small saucepan. Use a potato masher to mash the raspberries. Heat on medium, whisking, about 5 minutes, until the sauce begins to thicken. Remove from heat, and let cool.

    Mashing raspberries in a pot on the stove to make an easy cheesecake recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Whisking the raspberry sauce for an easy cheesecake recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
  3. Prepare the cheesecake to serve:

    Remove the cheesecake from the refrigerator. Remove the foil from the sides of the pan, and place the cake on your cake serving dish. Run the side of a blunt knife between the edge of the cake and the pan.

    Dorie recommends, and we've done with success, that you use a hair dryer to heat the sides of the pan to make it easier to remove. Open the springform latch and gently open the pan and lift up the sides.

    Spread the top with the sour cream mixture. Serve plain or drizzle individual slices with raspberry sauce or sauce of your choice.

    Running an offset spatula around the springform pan for the best cheesecake recipe.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Releasing the cheesecake from the pan.
    Ciara Kehoe
    Spreading the cheesecake with a sour cream topping.
    Ciara Kehoe
    A whole cheesecake set on a cake stand with raspberries behind it.
    Ciara Kehoe
Nutrition Facts (per serving)
468 Calories
35g Fat
33g Carbs
7g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 16
Amount per serving
Calories 468
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 35g 45%
Saturated Fat 20g 99%
Cholesterol 144mg 48%
Sodium 267mg 12%
Total Carbohydrate 33g 12%
Dietary Fiber 0g 1%
Total Sugars 27g
Protein 7g
Vitamin C 0mg 2%
Calcium 112mg 9%
Iron 1mg 4%
Potassium 163mg 3%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate. In cases where multiple ingredient alternatives are given, the first listed is calculated for nutrition. Garnishes and optional ingredients are not included.