Typically when we think of stuffed chicken, it has to do with stuffing the cavity of a whole chicken. In this recipe however, we are flattening a whole chicken by butterflying it first (it's easy!) and then pressing an herby ricotta cheese stuffing underneath the skin, which will bathe the chicken with flavor as it cooks.
The chicken parts cook more evenly that way and the presentation is beautiful.
Richard Olney wrote about this method for making ricotta stuffed chicken decades ago in his wonderful book Simple French Food (high recommend). We also found a similar recipe in a Weber grilling cookbook, which makes sense as the method of butterflying chicken makes it easy to grill a whole chicken.
Butterflying a chicken is easier than you think! It does help to have a strong pair of poultry shears.
To butterfly a chicken, you cut it open on one side, spread open the chicken and press it down flat. (See our guide—with video—on How to Spatchcock or Butterfly a Chicken.)
To stuff the chicken, you'll need a firm and gentle hand to separate the skin from the meat beneath. Use your fingers to work your way under the skin to open up enough room for the stuffing.
Ricotta Stuffed Chicken
- 1 whole roasting chicken, 4 to 5 lbs.
- 12 oz. ricotta cheese
- 1/3 cup grated Parmesan cheese
- 1 egg
- 2 teaspoons chopped fresh basil (or 1 teaspoon dried)
- 1 teaspoon chopped fresh tarragon (or 1/2 teaspoon dried)
- 2 Tbsp chopped fresh parsley
- 1 large clove garlic, minced
- Extra virgin olive oil
- 1 teaspoon chopped fresh basil (or 1/2 teaspoon dried)
- 1/2 teaspoon chopped fresh tarragon (or 1/4 teaspoon dried)
- 1/4 teaspoon paprika
Butterfly the chicken
Rinse chicken and pat dry with paper towels. Butterfly the chicken by using poultry shears or a knife to cut along one side of the backbone. Cut along the other side and remove the backbone and tail. (See our guide to how to spatchcock or butterfly a chicken.)
Spread the chicken open, skin side up. Press down on the chicken with the palms of your hands (or pound with your fists) to flatten the chicken. Fold the wings under the chicken.
Make ricotta Parmesan herb mixture
In a medium bowl, mix the ricotta, Parmesan cheese, egg, parsley, garlic, 2 teaspoons of chopped basil, and 1 teaspoon of chopped tarragon.
Stuff ricotta mixture under chicken skin
Using a sharp paring knife and your fingers, loosen skin over top of chicken and drumsticks starting at neck edge. Work with your fingers and hand to press under the chicken skin to separate the chicken skin from the chicken breasts, thighs, and drumsticks. Be gentle, the skin can easily tear.
Carefully spoon cheese mixture under skin of chicken, pressing with your fingers to distribute evenly over the chicken and drumsticks.
Brush chicken lightly with oil; sprinkle with 1/2 teaspoon basil, 1/2 teaspoon tarragon, paprika, and a generous amount of salt.5a Cook chicken using an oven
Preheat oven to 500°F. Place chicken, skin side up, on a rack in a roasting pan. Place in oven and immediately turn the heat down to 350°F.5b OR Cook chicken using a grill
Prepare grill for medium indirect heat. If using a gas grill, heat all burners on high until the grill is hot, then turn off the middle burner.
If using a charcoal grill, bank the coals to one side of the grill and place a large aluminum drip pan underneath the grate on the side without coals, adding a couple cups of water to the drip pan so that the drippings don't burn.
Place the chicken, skin side up, on the cooking grate, away from the side with coals if you are using a charcoal grill, or above the middle burner if you are using gas.
Alternatively, you can lay the chicken out on a rack in a disposable aluminum roasting pan and place the roasting pan on the cooking grate (this tip works well with gas grills, I haven't tried it with the charcoal one yet). Cover the grill.
Roast the chicken
for an hour or until the juices run clear from the thigh when pierced with a fork. (Chicken should have an internal temperature of 165°F when tested with a meat thermometer.) If the skin browns before the chicken is cooked through, cover it loosely with foil.
Transfer chicken to a cutting board; let stand 10 minutes. Cut into quarters to serve.
Spatchcocked Grilled Chicken with Orange and Ginger here on Simply Recipes
Richard Olney's ricotta stuffed chicken