Santa Maria Style Tri Tip

GrillLow CarbPaleoSteak

A California classic, Santa Maria style tri tip beef roast, a triangle shaped bottom sirloin cut, with a peppery, salty, garlic-y crust.

Photography Credit: Elise Bauer

Tri Tip: A Favorite Cut of Beef

What are you grilling for Labor Day? My favorite is this cut of beef, a triangle-shaped “tri-tip”, from the bottom sirloin. It’s also called a “Santa Maria steak” because Santa Maria, California is where it first became popular.

Typically Tri Tip is rubbed first with a mixture of salt, black pepper, and garlic salt, and then whatever other seasonings you want, and then barbecued over red oak wood.

Santa Maria Tri Tip sliced on a cutting board

How to Cook Tri Tip

I love the cut because it’s just a fat, juicy steak that cooks up beautifully on the grill, as detailed in the method below. You can marinate it, or use a classic Santa Maria rub. In this recipe, we are starting with the basic rub and added some herbs and a little cayenne.

Some recipes will have you cut the layer of fat off the roast, I prefer to keep it on, and bathe the steak in the juiciness of fat as it cooks on the grill.

Raw Tri Tip Cut of Beef with Fat Marbling

If You Can’t Find Tri Tip

Now, the only problem with tri tip is that it can be hard to find outside of California, though I understand Costco does carry it. If you can’t find it, you can still use this approach and the Santa Maria rub with a thick (look for a two inch thick or greater) well-marbled sirloin steak or London broil.

Santa Maria Style Tri Tip Recipe

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  • Prep time: 1 hour
  • Cook time: 35 minutes
  • Yield: Serves 5 to 8

Tri-tip roasts range from 2 1/2 pounds to 4 pounds. Figure on 1/2 pound of meat (before cooking) per person.

A Santa Maria rub has salt, pepper, and either garlic salt or garlic powder. That's the base of the rub, anything beyond that is optional.

If you don't have access to the tri-tip cut where you are, try using a thick london broil or sirloin steak.

Ingredients

  • 1 tri-tip roast, also known as triangle steak, a bottom sirloin cut (anywhere from 2 1/2 pounds to 4 pounds), look for one well-marbled with fat

Santa Maria Rub (enough for a 4 pound roast)

  • 1 Tbsp Kosher salt
  • 1 Tbsp finely ground black pepper
  • 1 Tbsp garlic powder
  • 1 Tbsp onion powder
  • 1 teaspoon cayenne
  • 1 Tbsp dried oregano
  • 1 teaspoon dry rosemary (or fresh, finely minced)
  • 1/2 teaspoon dry sage

Method

1 Mix rub and massage into roast: Mix the rub ingredients together in a bowl.

Place the roast in a roasting pan or a baking pan with edges (this will help keep the rub from getting all over the floor).

Sprinkle the rub on the meat on all sides, and massage the rub into the meat.

2 Cover and let sit at room temp for an hour. Cover the roast with foil or plastic wrap and let it sit at room temp for an hour to take the chill off and allow the rub to work its magic on the roast.

3 Prepare grill: Prepare your grill for hot direct heat on one side, and indirect heat on the other. (By the way, if you are working with a wood-fired grill, Santa Maria BBQ traditionally uses red oak wood.)

4 Sear the roast on all sides, 3-4 minutes per side. Carefully watch the roast during this process as one side of the roast is typically quite fatty and as the fat heats up it can drip down and cause flare-ups. Keep moving the tri-tip away from the flame if flare-ups occur.

5 Move roast to cool side of grill, fat side up: Once the tri-tip is seared on all sides, move it away from direct heat and place it fat-side up on the grill rack.

If you are using a gas grill with a top rack, I recommend placing the roast on that rack, with an aluminum tray on the bottom rack underneath to catch the fat drippings.

If you are grilling on charcoal or wood, you may want to turn the roast over every few minutes, for more even heating.

Try to maintain a grill temperature of 250°F to 300°F.

6 Cover to finish cooking: Cover the grill and cook until the temperature of the interior of the tri-tip reaches 120°F for a rare roast, 130°F for medium-rare and 140°F for medium.

At this point the meat will take anywhere from 20 to 40 minutes to cook, depending on how hot your grill is, how well done you want it, and the size of the cut.

Note that the interior temperature will continue to rise at least 5°F after you take the roast off the heat.

7 Tent roast with foil to let it rest: Once the roast reaches temperature, remove it from the grill and let it rest, loosely tented with foil, for 10-15 minutes.

Slice across the grain to serve.

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Products We Love

Links:

Wikipedia on tri-tip

A Video Recipe for Tri Tip Barbecue - from Chef John of Food Wishes

Grilled Tri-tip with Chimol Salsa - from Kalyn of Kalyn's Kitchen

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Elise Bauer

Elise Bauer is the founder of Simply Recipes. Elise launched Simply Recipes in 2003 as a way to keep track of her family's recipes, and along the way grew it into one of the most popular cooking websites in the world. Elise is dedicated to helping home cooks be successful in the kitchen. Elise is a graduate of Stanford University, and lives in Sacramento, California.

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60 Comments / Reviews

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Did you make it? Rate it!

  • Jamie

    Absolutely delicious! The only change I made was substituting smoked paprika for the cayenne since my parents can’t eat spicy foods. I will definitely be making this again! Thank you for the recipe!

    xxxxxyyyyy

  • Jay

    Can this be done on an oven?

  • Tom

    I sous vided a tri tip for several hours at 128°. Then let it cool and refrigerated overnight (Saved the juice to make a sauce) The next day I pulled it out of the refrigerator for an hour and then seared it in a very hot cast-iron skillet.

  • Kelly

    Family loved this recipe! So easy and delicious.

    xxxxxyyyyy

  • Susie Q

    Thank you for bringing attention to the little cut of meat that is such a big part of our culinary history here in California’s Santa Maria Valley.

    We also recommend coating the tri tip liberally with a Santa Maria seasoning blend – or rub – as you referred to it in your recipe. And couldn’t agree more with your simple approach to a seasoning blend – salt, pepper and garlic. We also add parsley and a little cane sugar to caramelize over the heat, creating a nice crust.

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