Pasta Carbonara

Pasta carbonara is an indulgent yet surprisingly simple recipe. Featuring bacon (or pancetta) with plenty of Parmesan, this recipe takes only 30 minutes to prepare from start to finish!

Overhead view of a bowl of Spaghetti Carbonara.
Karishma Pradhan

Spaghetti alla carbonara. Luscious and wonderfully indulgent, pasta carbonara takes as long to make as it does to cook the pasta.

The ingredients are simple—just spaghetti (or another long pasta), and the carbonara is made with pancetta or bacon, eggs, Parmesan, a little olive oil, salt and pepper.

The silky carbonara sauce is created when the beaten eggs are tossed with the hot pasta and a little fat from the pancetta or bacon.

Did I already mention indulgent? Yes, this is not a make-it-everyday recipe. This is an I've-been-eating-my-kale-for-weeks-and-now-I-want-to-splurge recipe.

But heck, if you are going to splurge, you may as well do it right with pasta carbonara.

Video: How to Make Pasta Carbonara

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Pasta Carbonara

The Trick to Good Carbonara

The trick to making a successful carbonara?

Stirring the egg mixture quickly into the pasta which should be hot enough to "cook" the egg to make a sauce but not so hot as to make it curdle.

Getting carbonara just right can take some practice so don't despair if your carbonara sauce is a little lumpy the first time you make it.

Some people add cream to their carbonara. It's not traditional, but you can certainly do this, and make an even creamier sauce for the pasta. Personally, I think it's rich enough without it. Enjoy!

Overhead view of a bowl of Spaghetti Carbonara.
Karishma Pradhan

What is Carbonara, Really?

Carbonara is one of Rome's four classic pastas (cacio e pepe, amatriciana, and gricia are the others). There are a slew of theories about its possible origins, including:

  • It was invented by Italian carbonari (charcoal workers) who prepared the dish on their shovels over a fire.
  • The name refers to the ground black pepper in the dish that resembles flecks of coal (carbone means charcoal in Italian).
  • It was a marrying of traditions between American soldiers in Italy during World War II and their bacon and egg rations with the local pasta dishes.

What distinguishes carbonara from other pasta dishes is its technique of combining eggs, hard cheese, cured pork, and black pepper into a rich, silky sauce.

Tips for Making the Best Carbonara

The beauty of this dish is in its simplicity, yet it can take a little practice to get it just right.

  • Prepare ahead: Since this dish comes together so quickly, and timing is crucial, be sure to have all of your ingredients and equipment ready to go from the start.
  • Temper the eggs: Working quickly after draining the pasta is paramount to having success. To streamline things, have the beaten eggs at the ready in a bowl, and quickly whisk in a few tablespoons of reserved hot pasta cooking water to temper them. This makes them less likely to curdle once you toss them with the cooked pasta. Then toss the pasta with the tempered eggs in the still-warm cooking pot, which will help the mixture stay warm enough to melt the cheese. 
  • Use high-quality cheese: Set down the processed cheese shaker! For this dish, it's key to use real, high-quality Parmesan cheese. Trust us, this recipe is worth it. If you're going to indulge, why not do it right?

Swaps and Substitutions

If you need to swap out the pasta for another type, feel free! Just follow the instructions on the package of the pasta you’re using since they all differ. You can also add more herbs for flavor if you’d like. Want to use a different cheese? Use pecorino or another hard cheese if you want!

Pancetta vs. Bacon

Traditionally, carbonara is made with guanciale, a robustly flavored cured meat from central Italy which is made from pork jowl. While it's possible to find guanciale at some specialty markets in the U.S., pancetta or bacon are much easier to come by. Pancetta and bacon are both made from pork belly, but pancetta is salt-cured and dried while bacon is smoked. They can usually be used interchangeably but, naturally, pancetta will have a salty flavor while bacon will be smoky.

More Delicious Pasta Recipes to Try

Craving more pasta recipes? We love these and think you will too!

From the Editors Of Simply Recipes

Pasta Carbonara

Prep Time 10 mins
Cook Time 20 mins
Total Time 30 mins
Servings 4 to 6 servings

This recipe uses raw eggs, which are essentially cooked by tossing with hot pasta. They are not cooked to the point of scrambled though, just enough to thicken the eggs into a sauce.

The garlic is optional. It is not usually included in pasta carbonara, but it tastes great so we've included it. By the way, "guanciale", or pork jowl, is traditionally used in this dish, so if you can get it, by all means use it.

Ingredients

  • 1 tablespoon extra virgin olive oil or unsalted butter

  • 1/2 pound pancetta or thick cut bacon, diced

  • 1-2 garlic cloves, minced, about 1 teaspoon (optional)

  • 3-4 whole eggs

  • 1 cup grated Parmesan or pecorino cheese

  • 1 pound spaghetti (or bucatini or fettuccine)

  • Salt and black pepper to taste

Method

  1. Heat pasta water:

    Put a large pot of salted water on to boil (1 tablespoon salt for every 2 quarts of water.)

  2. Sauté pancetta/bacon and garlic:

    While the water is coming to a boil, heat the olive oil or butter in a large sauté pan over medium heat. Add the bacon or pancetta and cook slowly until crispy.

    Add the garlic (if using) and cook another minute, then turn off the heat and put the pancetta and garlic into a large bowl.

    A skillet with chopped bacon and a wooden spoon to make Spaghetti Carbonara.
    Karishma Pradhan
  3. Beat eggs and half of the cheese:

    In a small bowl, beat the eggs and mix in about half of the cheese.

  4. Cook pasta:

    Once the water has reached a rolling boil, add the dry pasta, and cook, uncovered, at a rolling boil.

  5. Toss pasta with pancetta/bacon:

    When the pasta is al dente (still a little firm, not mushy), use tongs to move it to the bowl with the bacon and garlic. Let it be dripping wet. Reserve some of the pasta water.

    Move the pasta from the pot to the bowl quickly, as you want the pasta to be hot. It's the heat of the pasta that will heat the eggs sufficiently to create a creamy sauce.

    Toss everything to combine, allowing the pasta to cool just enough so that it doesn't make the eggs curdle when you mix them in. (That's the tricky part.)

    A pot of pasta with tongs moving the pasta to a bowl.
    Karishma Pradhan
  6. Add the beaten egg mixture:

    Add the beaten eggs with cheese and toss quickly to combine once more. Add salt to taste. Add some pasta water back to the pasta to keep it from drying out.

    Adding whisked eggs to a bowl of noodles for Spaghetti Carbonara.
    Karishma Pradhan
    Tongs mixing pasta for Spaghetti Carbonara.
    Karishma Pradhan

    Serve at once with the rest of the parmesan and freshly ground black pepper. If you want, sprinkle with a little fresh chopped parsley.

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
447 Calories
31g Fat
25g Carbs
16g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 4 to 6
Amount per serving
Calories 447
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 31g 39%
Saturated Fat 11g 57%
Cholesterol 166mg 55%
Sodium 413mg 18%
Total Carbohydrate 25g 9%
Dietary Fiber 1g 4%
Total Sugars 1g
Protein 16g
Vitamin C 0mg 1%
Calcium 171mg 13%
Iron 2mg 10%
Potassium 215mg 5%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate. In cases where multiple ingredient alternatives are given, the first listed is calculated for nutrition. Garnishes and optional ingredients are not included.