Spatchcocking a chicken simply means flattening it out by removing the backbone. A chicken has a pretty uneven shape, like a rugby ball with sticky-out bits, and by flattening it you make it thinner and more regular in shape, so it cooks evenly and faster.
It may feel like a tricky or complicated piece of butchery but all you need to do is turn the bird breast side down and cut down eat side of the backbone, which allows you to open it up and press it out flat. A sturdy pair of kitchen scissors is the best tool for the job, or you can use a sharp chef’s knife.
Harissa: Spicy and Delicious
Harissa is a fragrant spicy chili paste from North Africa. The type of chili and how much of it you add is up to you. In this recipe, I use dried chiles de arbol, which makes it pretty spicy. Feel free to use any dried red chilis you’d prefer, like ancho, guajillo, New Mexico, Fresno, or Kashmiri red chilis.
Homemade harissa, compared to store-bought, is a lot punchier. It keeps well in the fridge for at least a week so make it ahead of time if that suits you. It also freezes really well if you wanted to make a double batch and freeze half for another day.
You can of course use ready-made harissa. You’ll need about 9 ounces (250 grams) for marinating the chicken and a little extra to serve on the side.
Two Ways to Maximize Flavor
- No matter how long you marinate the chicken, the marinade cannot penetrate more than a few millimeters into the meat—it is simply too big. The way to maximize flavor is to increase the surface area, which is why I cut deep slashes into the chicken before marinating it. This pushes the marinade further into the meat.
- Salt, over time, can work its magic deep, deep into the protein fibers of meat, enhancing the flavor within. Salt performs another important function. It breaks the bonds that hold the individual strands of protein together, so the meat cannot contract and squeeze out moisture as it cooks. The result is juicier and more flavorful meat. All this to say: Marinate the chicken for 24 hours, this will give the salt the chance to work its magic.
How to Set Up the Grill for Indirect Heat
I think it’s always better to grill chicken gently over indirect heat, away from the fire. Taking it slower will give you a juicier end result and no chance of the dreaded burnt skin and raw center scenario. Here is how to set up your grill for indirect grilling:
- For a charcoal grill: Light the coals on fire and place them in the grill along two sides, opposite each other. The chicken will cook in the center of the grill between the fire, not over it, with even heat coming from two sides.
- For a gas grill: If you have three burners, light two of them, one at each end, and set to medium heat. The chicken will cook in the center over the burner that’s off. For a two-burner grill, light just one and set to medium heat. The chicken will cook over the burner that’s off.
Away from the lit coals or above the burners kept off, you’ll get indirect heat.
How to Set Up the Grill for Smoking
In this recipe, the chicken is smoked. Charcoal itself doesn’t produce smoke so you’ll need to add wood. For my charcoal grill, I pop one or two fist-sized lumps of wood chunks on top of the lit coals before shutting the grill lid. On a gas grill, rest a chunk or two of wood over the lit burners.
The Best Wood for Smoking
You can buy wood chips, but I think they burn too fast to create meaningful smoke. Often the packaging tells you to soak the wood chips in water to slow the combustion, but you’ll get damp dirty smoke rather than a clean burn. That’s why I prefer bigger wood chunks—don’t soak them in water.
What species of wood you use is a personal preference. By the time you marinate the chicken with the harissa, the smoke is just one layer of flavor. I don’t believe you will be able to taste the difference between apple, oak, or pecan.
Is Your Chicken Perfectly Cooked?
When grilling meat, it’s best to check the internal temperature with a thermometer, not just base it on how long it cooks for. Obviously, a rough idea of time is useful so you can plan your mealtimes but use it only as a guide—every fire is different, and you need to work with the heat you have.
I always use my Thermapen temperature probe—it gives me 100% confidence the chicken is perfectly cooked through. Chicken is safe to eat once you have an internal temperature of 165°F when probed in a few different places deep into the meat.
For a better texture, I personally take the temperature a little higher, maybe 175°F, especially on the leg meat. If the chicken is cooked gently and you start with a well-reared slow-grown bird, you are not going dry it out even when cooked to a higher temperature.
More Bold Grilling
Smoked Spatchcocked Harissa Chicken with Carrots
For the best flavor, marinate the chicken for 24 hours before grilling, so you’ll have to plan ahead. If you don’t have the extra time, even marinating it for a couple of hours would be advantageous.
While we highly recommend making your own harissa for this recipe, if you would like to use store-bought, you’ll need about 9 ounces (250 grams).
8 to 10 (10g) dried chiles de arbol
2 pepper red bell peppers
1 tablespoon caraway seeds
1 tablespoon cumin seeds
4 cloves garlic
1/2 cup extra virgin olive oil, divided
1 tablespoon smoked paprika
1 tablespoon tomato paste
1 tablespoon red wine vinegar
2 tablespoons sea salt, divided
1 (4 1/2- to 5 1/2 pound) whole chicken
2 pounds carrots, peeled and cut in half lengthwise
1/2 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
1/4 cup chopped fresh cilantro, for garnish
Rehydrate the chiles de arbol:
Bring a small saucepan or kettle with about 2 cups of water to a boil over high heat. Place the dried chiles in a small heatproof bowl and carefully add enough boiling water to cover them—I used about 1 cup of water. Set the bowl aside for 30 minutes to allow the chiles to rehydrate.
Roast and peel the peppers:
If you have a gas stove, set a burner to high heat. Use a pair of tongs to place a bell pepper directly on the flame. You can use two burners, one for each pepper.
If you have the grill already on (you won’t need it quite yet to cook the chicken since it needs to marinate), set the peppers on the grill over high heat.
For both methods, turn them as the skin blackens until fully charred all around. Transfer the charred peppers into a medium bowl and cover the bowl with a large plate to seal in the steam and loosen the skin.
Once cool enough to handle, use your hands to peel off the blackened skin and remove the seeds. Roughly chop the peppers and transfer them into a food processor.
Toast and grind the seeds:
In a small skillet set over medium heat, add the caraway and cumin seeds. Toast, stirring frequently, until they turn a light golden brown and are fragrant, about 2 minutes. Grind the toasted seeds in a spice grinder, blender, or with a mortar and pestle. Then, transfer them into the food processor. They don’t have to be finely ground. It’s okay if it’s a little coarse.
Make the harissa paste:
Drain the rehydrated chiles, remove and discard the stems, and add the chiles into the food processor along with the garlic, 1/4 cup plus 3 tablespoons olive oil, smoked paprika, tomato paste, red wine vinegar, and 2 teaspoons salt. You can discard the chile soaking liquid. Blitz the mixture until smooth like a purée. You’ll have about 1 cup of harissa paste.
Don’t have a food processor? Finely chop the chiles, peppers, and garlic on a cutting board with a sharp chef’s knife and stir with the remaining ingredients for a slightly coarser harissa.
Spoon about a third of the harissa into a little serving bowl, cover, and refrigerate until you are ready to eat. You will use the remaining harissa to marinate the chicken. Harissa keeps in the fridge, covered, for a good week.
Spatchcock the chicken:
Rest the chicken breast side up on a cutting board. Use a sharp chef’s knife to cut a few deep slashes, about 2 inches wide, through the legs and breasts to allow the harissa to soak deeper into the meat. You’ll be cutting through the skin and meat down to the bones.
Flip the bird breast side down and use large kitchen scissors to cut down each side of the backbone. You will be cutting through the rib bones, not the backbone itself. Remove and discard the backbone, or perhaps save it for stock.
Use your hands to open up the bird slightly, then turn it breast side up again. Use the palm of your hand and your body weight to press it down firmly over the breastbone. The aim is to flatten the bird so it cooks in a single layer.
Marinate the chicken:
Spoon the harissa reserved to marinate the chicken onto the bird. Use your hands to rub it all over and into the slashes and crevices for maximum flavor. Set the chicken breast side up on a sheet pan, or large platter if a sheet pan will not fit into your fridge. Slide it into the fridge to marinate for a minimum of 2 hours, but I recommend 24 hours.
Fire up the grill for indirect grilling:
For a charcoal grill: Light the coals on fire and place them in the grill along two sides, opposite each other. The chicken will cook in the center of the grill between the fire, not over it, with even heat coming from two sides. Then, add a couple lumps of wood chunks—any kind, like oak, apple, cherry, or hickory—on top of the fire.
For a gas grill: If you have three burners, light two of them set to medium heat, one at each end. The chicken will cook in the center over the burner that’s off. For a two-burner grill, light just one set to medium heat. The chicken will cook over the burner that’s off. Rest a couple lumps of wood chunks directly on the lit burners so that it catches on fire and smolders as the chicken cooks.
Smoke the chicken:
Take the marinated chicken out of the fridge. No need to wait to get it to room temperature. Place it breast side up on the grill. There shouldn’t be any lit coals or burners turned on right beneath it. The smoke from the wood chunks will come, no need to wait for it before placing the chicken on the grill.
Shut the lid to trap in smoke and cook for about 1 1/2 hours. Check it once or twice, using tongs to rotate it 180 degrees to make sure it cooks evenly—the side closest to the fire will cook faster—but keep it breast side up.
Meanwhile, parboil the carrots:
Bring a large pot of water to a boil over high heat with 1 tablespoon salt. Once boiling, add the carrots and cook for 5 minutes. Drain well into a colander set in the sink. Transfer the carrots into a medium bowl and drizzle in the remaining 1 tablespoon olive oil, the remaining 1 teaspoon salt, and 1/2 teaspoon black pepper. Set it aside.
Flip the chicken:
After 1 1/2 hours, check the internal temperature of the chicken with a thermometer. It should be about 160°F when probed in a few places. Use tongs to flip it breast side down and keep cooking until the internal temperature is at least 165°F.
Probe the chicken in a few places, say once on each leg and once on each breast. Poke the probe deep into the meat but avoid touching a bone or you will get a false reading. Also, make sure you don’t probe all the way through and out the other side—you’ll be reading your grill bars.
Toward the end of cooking, you can slide it a little closer to the fire so it finishes crisping up over a higher heat but you may not need to—after all, a roast chicken in your oven gets beautifully crispy without ever seeing any flames.
When it’s done cooking, slide the chicken far from the fire to keep warm while you cook the carrots. Use tongs to lay the carrots perpendicular to the grill bars directly over the fire and cook for 8 to 10 minutes flipping them regularly until lightly charred and tender all the way through.
Assemble and serve:
Transfer the carrots onto a large serving platter. Place the chicken on top, sprinkle it with cilantro, and serve with the reserved harissa.
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|Nutrition Facts (per serving)|
|Servings: 4 to 6|
|Amount per serving|
|% Daily Value*|
|Total Fat 75g||97%|
|Saturated Fat 18g||92%|
|Total Carbohydrate 17g||6%|
|Dietary Fiber 6g||22%|
|Total Sugars 7g|
|Vitamin C 42mg||210%|
|*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.|